About air monitoring
The provincial air quality and deposition monitoring, evaluation and reporting program provides information to the government, stakeholders and the public that is used to protect human health and the environment.
Long-term air quality monitoring
In Alberta, there is a province-wide network of permanent stations which monitor air quality 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Air quality is continuously monitored for 13 parameters at more than 70 monitoring stations across Alberta, primarily deployed within or near population centres. Data are compared to regional, provincial and national standards and objectives to ensure the health and safety of Albertans and the environment. Information from this monitoring network informs the Air Quality Health Index, which reports current air quality results to the public.
Long-term deposition monitoring
In Alberta, there is a province-wide network of deposition monitoring stations which collect weekly samples to inform the transfer of atmospheric pollutants such as acidifying substances and base cations to sensitive ecosystems. There are 6 wet deposition monitoring stations and 1 total deposition (wet and dry deposition) monitoring station across Alberta, which collect regionally representative samples. Data collected at these stations support the Acid Deposition Management Framework, environmental impact assessments and national and international (Canada-United States) acid deposition science assessments.
There are also regional deposition monitoring networks in the Athabasca and Cold Lake Oil Sands Regions that are funded through the Oil Sands Monitoring Program. These regional networks are operated by the Wood Buffalo Environmental Association (WBEA) and Lakeland Industry and Community Association (LICA) and measure total deposition co-located with soil and vegetation monitoring to assess the effects of deposition on ecosystems.
Short-term monitoring is deployed when air quality and deposition data are needed in areas not covered by existing monitoring infrastructure. Short-term monitoring provides data to address air quality and deposition concerns from stakeholders and the public, including emergency response support during wildfire smoke events.
Regulatory monitoring performed by industry is used to assess performance of industrial activities to meet policy and management outcomes. The objective of regulatory monitoring is to verify that industrial facilities are operating within approved conditions and provide information on the effect of industrial activities on the environment.
Emerging air monitoring methods
Emerging monitoring methods, such as low-cost air quality sensors, are evaluated in partnership with stakeholders on an ongoing basis. This work supports an adaptive monitoring design, which has the flexibility to deploy alternative technologies in short-term monitoring studies or to fill gaps in long-term monitoring to meet monitoring objectives.
Air quality data
The Air Data Warehouse provides hourly data from monitoring stations operated by the Government of Alberta and Airshed organizations.
Data summaries reporting the impact of wildfire smoke on air quality are updated throughout the wildfire season.
Alberta’s provincial deposition monitoring data are publicly available. Data from wet deposition stations can be accessed through the National Atmospheric Chemistry Database (NAtChem). For dry deposition stations, data from filter pack samples are available through the Clean Air Status and Trend Network (CASTNET) and data from ammonia passive samples are accessible from the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP). Data from regional monitoring networks in the Oil Sands Regions are available on the WBEA website and will soon be available on LICA’s website.
Condition of the environment
Access condition of the environment reporting to learn more about trends in key air quality indicators across Alberta.
About water monitoring
We work collaboratively to monitor the quality and quantity of Alberta’s water resources year-round across province-wide networks of monitoring stations. These networks provides the data required to understand baseline conditions, natural variability, and quantify cumulative effects within Alberta’s lakes, streams, rivers and groundwater. Scientists, decision makers and the public use this information to understand if Alberta’s water resources are safe for recreational, domestic and traditional use, can meet the needs of the economy, and are able to support the diversity and health of plants and animals in Alberta’s ecosystems.
Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of our water are monitored and evaluated, including comparison to water quality guidelines to determine if management actions are required to protect our water.
Rivers and streams
Water quality monitoring of rivers and streams across Alberta consists of 3 programs:
- Long-term River Network
- Tributary River Network
- Quality Assurance and Quality Control Program
Long-term River Network
The Long-term River Network is a collection of sites located in a number of Alberta’s major river systems. Water is collected monthly at over 30 stations along 13 major rivers and is analyzed for over 100 parameters at analytical laboratories. Alberta’s major rivers provide a critical supply of water for drinking, ecosystem functioning, residential uses and industrial activities.
Tributary Monitoring Network
Under the Tributary Monitoring Network, water is also collected and analyzed monthly at over 70 tributaries that contribute water to many of Alberta’s major rivers. Tributaries are important systems to monitor as their water quality is more directly connected to the land use and land cover within the watersheds they drain. This information improves our knowledge of source water quality in major rivers, which informs decision makers about potential risks to our rivers.
The Tributary Monitoring Network in the North Saskatchewan River watershed was made possible through a multi-stakeholder partnership with EPCOR, the City of Edmonton and the North Saskatchewan Watershed Alliance. Within the Peace, Athabasca and Cold Lake oil sands regions, both major rivers and tributaries are monitored as part of the Oil Sands Monitoring Program.
Quality Assurance and Quality Control Program
All of our water quality data that are collected are part of the Quality Assurance and Quality Control Program. This program ensures the data collected meet the highest standards; this is done by developing and reviewing standard operating procedures, quantifying sources of uncertainty, and evaluating the performance of individual laboratories providing analytical services to our water quality programs.
Data on water temperature, dissolved oxygen, and over 50 physical, chemical and biological water quality parameters is collected annually from approximately 30 lakes and reservoirs. To assess impacts of climate, near-real time data is collected from deployed monitoring buoys over the open-water season (typically June through September) for a network of sentinel lakes.
Lake monitoring is a collaborative effort among provincial staff, the Alberta Lake Management Society’s citizen science program Lakewatch, lake stewardship groups, and Indigenous communities. Data is used to understand baseline conditions and natural variability, changing conditions over time, and the impacts of environmental stressors on water quality – for example, watershed development and invasive species.
Groundwater quality is monitored in approximately 70 wells per year, on a rotating basis, through Alberta’s Groundwater Observation Well Network (GOWN). This network monitors more than 100 parameters in both near-surface and bedrock aquifers ranging from a few meters below the ground surface to greater than 100m depth. Within the Peace, Athabasca and Cold Lake oil sands regions, groundwater quality is monitored as part of the Oil Sands Monitoring Program.
Rivers and streams
Water quantity in Alberta’s rivers and streams is monitored in partnership with the Water Survey of Canada at a network of over 400 hydrometric stations which provide continuous and near real-time information on water level and flow. The water quantity-monitoring network on rivers and streams includes stations that operate annually and those that operate seasonally (April to October).
In partnership with the Water Survey of Canada, water levels at over 60 lakes and reservoirs are monitored continuously and data are transmitted in near real-time. In addition, provincial staff and citizen scientists (Lake Level Observers) manually monitor water level 3 times per year or more frequently in more than 200 lakes and reservoirs annually.
Groundwater levels are monitored hourly at more than 300 wells in the GOWN using digital water level loggers. Near real-time information on groundwater levels is available for approximately 50 of these wells.
Snow pack data is actively collected from over 100 alpine and plains sites as part of the Provincial Snow Survey Network. This includes a network of snow pillows reporting continuous snowpack data year-round, and a network of snow survey sites where snow depth is measured at monthly intervals throughout the winter and/or spring.
Water quality data
Groundwater data are available by contacting:
Email: [email protected]
Water quality data from the oil sands region are available through the Oil Sands Monitoring Data Portal.
Water quantity data
Water quantity data from the oil sands region are available through the Oil Sands Monitoring Data Portal.
Condition of the environment
Access condition of the environment reporting to learn more about trends in key water quantity and quality indicators across Alberta.
Plants, land and wetlands
About plant, land and wetlands monitoring
The Government of Alberta partners with universities, non-profit organizations, Indigenous communities and individuals to collect information on Alberta’s land, wetlands and their associated plant communities. This information provides data and information on landscape change, ecological disturbance and recovery across Alberta. Decision-makers in government, industry and the public rely on this information to make more informed decisions regarding natural resource management in Alberta.
To inform landscape management decisions, we deliver field-monitoring across Alberta that collects information on the distribution of key plant and soil parameters. We also apply remote sensing data to gather information on a range of landscape parameters at large scales.
Data on the distribution of tracked plants, lichens and fungi are available through the Alberta Conservation Information Management System, including the occurrence of rare plant species. Additional information on vegetation and soils is available through Alberta’s Ecological Information System.
Geospatial data for a variety of landscape parameters can be accessed through the GeoDiscover Alberta portal.
We collect information on changes to Alberta’s landscape caused by natural and human disturbances. Wildfire is one common natural disturbance which is monitored annually and reported through maps, publications and historical data.
We also track the presence of invasive and pest species and diseases harmful to Alberta’s forests, including aspen defoliators, mountain pine beetle, spruce beetle and spruce budworm. Results of these surveys are reported in forest health reports.
Additional information on the extent of human footprint on Alberta’s landscape and the distribution of tracked plant species are also available from the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute.
Under the ‘Monitoring guidance > Cumulative effects monitoring’ section above, find out how cumulative effects are tracked and measured across Alberta, and adaptive monitoring systems are applied, to improve our ability to respond to these cumulative effects on Alberta’s environment.
Condition of the environment
Access condition of the environment reporting to learn about the assessment of indicators that communicate the health and integrity of Alberta’s plants, land and wetlands.
Fish and wildlife
About fish and wildlife monitoring
The Government of Alberta works with partners to monitor and evaluate the abundance and distribution of fish, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates in Alberta. The information generated is shared with Albertans and decision-makers to enhance awareness in support of delivering effective management activities, including areas like species at risk, invasive species and fish and wildlife diseases.
Fish and wildlife distribution
The Government of Alberta works with a variety of partners to collect and report information on the distribution of fish and wildlife in numerous ways.
The Fisheries and Wildlife Management Information System is Alberta’s centralized repository where government, industry and the public can store and access fish and wildlife data. Information in this repository can also be viewed in a map-based portal through the Fish and Wildlife Internet Mapping Tool.
We monitor fish stocks across Alberta and report results using various methods including the Fish Sustainability Index and Fall Index Netting summaries. Metrics of fish population integrity, productive habitat and threats to fish species are reported through annual summaries, historical summaries, and maps for all fish species monitored.
Aerial Wildlife Survey Reports provide data on population size, distribution, trends and herd composition of ungulates in Alberta including bighorn sheep, bison, caribou, elk, moose, mountain goats, mule and white-tailed deer, and pronghorn antelope.
Invertebrate species are foundational to many food webs, and data on the distribution of select species are available through the Alberta Conservation Information Management System.
Species at risk
Using information on the distribution and abundance of wildlife species, the Alberta government tracks the status of species at risk in Alberta. Species at risk data are available for amphibians, birds, fish, mammals and reptiles.
The Government of Alberta also contributes fish and wildlife information to the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council for additional reporting on species at risk through the General Status of Species in Canada series of reports.
Alberta’s invasive species programs focus on the identification, prevention and mitigation of non-native species that threaten Alberta’s ecosystems. This includes the Aquatic Invasive Species Monitoring Program that monitors Alberta's streams, rivers, lakes and reservoirs for invasive fish, plants, invertebrates and diseases. Browse maps showing the extent of some of these aquatic invasive species.
The Alberta government is also working with partners across Alberta’s scientific community to collect information on invasive species and the presence of disease harmful to wildlife, including whirling disease, chronic wasting disease and respiratory disease in bighorn sheep.
Additional geospatial data for select wildlife can be accessed through the GeoDiscover Alberta portal.
Data on distribution and abundance of key wildlife species is also available from the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute – a partner in the delivery of Alberta’s Environmental Science Program.
Explore our ‘Monitoring guidance: Indigenous knowledge and citizen science’ section above to lean how you can get involved in a variety of citizen science programs related to fish and wildlife in Alberta.
Condition of the environment
Access condition of the environment reporting to learn about the assessment of indicators that communicate the condition of Alberta’s fish and wildlife.
About climate monitoring
Climate can affect long-term changes in temperature and precipitation, as well as increased frequency and severity of weather events such as droughts, floods, forest fires, and severe storms.
The Government of Alberta works with partners to better understand the impacts of our changing environment in key areas including:
Biodiversity and ecosystem services:
- the current level, mix and geographic distribution of biodiversity, such as Alberta’s native species and ecosystems
- various ecosystem services and benefits, including clean water, crop pollination and recreational opportunities
Extreme weather events:
- forest fires
- heavy precipitation with associated increased risk of flooding
- individual severe storms
- continued mountain pine beetle infestations
- grasslands displacing existing forest ecosystems
- greater incidence of forest fires
- loss of water stored as ice and snow will affect the timing and level of water flows in major river basins
- lower summer stream flows, falling lake levels, and retreating glaciers
- net result of less surface water and soil moisture, as well as greater variations in soil moisture from season-to-season and year-to-year
Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER)
The Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction Regulation guides industry on Alberta’s approach to reducing emissions from large industrial emitters. This includes monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions through various methodologies, standards and procedures.
Condition of the environment
Access condition of the environment reporting to learn more about trends in key climate indicators across Alberta.
About monitoring in the oil sands region
Natural resource development has increased significantly in the oil sands region of northern Alberta, escalating the need to assess and understand the long-term cumulative effects of oil sands development on the environment. The Oil Sands Monitoring Program is a joint provincial and federal working partnership.
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