Highlights of the new elementary mathematics curriculum (April 2022).


Mathematics is a powerful tool used every day to solve real-life problems. A focus on numeracy skills provides students with a solid foundation of mathematical knowledge. Numeracy skills support real-life pursuits, including telling time, using and managing money, following instructions, finding an address and reading a schedule.

Through mathematics, students develop logical thinking skills that support effective decision-making in a variety of situations. Experiences with mathematics help students develop appreciation for the patterns and relationships that describe multiple aspects of the world and its future possibilities.

Studying and mastering mathematics can lead to jobs in computer science, construction, artificial intelligence, teaching, engineering and many other fields.

What is new: April 13, 2022

The new K to 6 mathematics curriculum is ready to move into classrooms, starting with K to 3 in September 2022. School authorities may choose to implement grades 4 to 6 in September 2022 or wait until September 2023. Review the information below to see:

  • how draft content becomes new curriculum
  • a comparison between current and new curriculum
  • a snapshot by grade of what students will learn in the new curriculum

Find out what is next for K to 6 curriculum renewal.

Engagement timeline

  • Open

  • Results under review

  • Completed

Resources (updated April 2024)

From draft to new curriculum: Content update summary

  • What we heard about the draft K to 6 curriculum

    We listened to all feedback from classroom piloting and engagement activities and heard these common concerns across all draft K to grade 6 subjects:

    • Load
      • some content is too heavy within a subject, grade or learning outcome
    • Age-appropriateness
      • some knowledge, understandings, and skills/procedures need to be better aligned with students’ developmental level in a specific grade
      • more pre-requisite learning is needed to support the knowledge, understandings and skills/procedures
    • Wording clarity
      • clearer expectations and verb choice are needed in some content for students to achieve learning outcomes
      • clearer descriptions are needed for some knowledge, understandings or skills/procedures
    • First Nations, Métis and Inuit content
      • additional content is needed to support First Nations, Métis and Inuit perspectives
      • some content needs to represent First Nations, Métis and Inuit perspectives and contributions more authentically
  • Feedback on mathematics

    The feedback on draft K to 6 mathematics curriculum indicated that some content on fractions, operations, measurement, prime factorization, percentages, place value and inequality needed to be updated and strengthened.

  • What we updated

    In April 2022, we finalized new K to 6 mathematics curriculum by updating the draft curriculum from March 2021. In addition to making changes that reflect engagement and piloting feedback, we also aligned the new curriculum with top-performing jurisdictions, both within Canada and internationally, as well as those with knowledge-rich curriculums.

    We made the following content updates:

    • Load: Refined examples and redistributed content across multiple grades while considering age-appropriateness.
    • Age-appropriateness: Shifted content between K to 6 grades or into grades 7 to 12.
    • Wording clarity: Analyzed and aligned verbs in learning outcomes to Bloom’s Taxonomy to ensure the higher-level verbs are used in all K to 6 grades, and/or edited for clear and correct language use.
    • First Nations, Métis, and Inuit content: Made updates based on feedback from stakeholder groups and jurisdictional scans.
    • Fractions: Shifted content to either earlier or later within K to 6 grades to provide an age-appropriate knowledge sequence with time for mastering foundational understandings. Learning outcomes, knowledge, understandings, skills and procedures were added to support foundational understanding of fractions in grades 5 and 6.
    • Fraction operations: Shifted addition/subtraction from grade 3 and 4 to grade 5 and 6, as well as shifting multiplication/division out of K to 6 to provide an age-appropriate knowledge sequence with time for mastering foundational understandings.
    • Negative operations: Shifted most operations with negative numbers out of K to 6, reducing load and providing more time for mastering age-appropriate knowledge and skills.
    • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division operations: Included multiple interpretations of each operation and added the knowledge, understanding, skills and procedures for number composition, early algebraic thinking, and strategies to develop number sense and build a stronger learning sequence from grade to grade.
    • Measurement with Canadian units: Revised knowledge, understanding, skills and procedures that were not connected to learning outcomes and measurement was also enhanced by introducing angles in grade 3 rather than grade 4 to better align with the geometric properties in grade 3.
    • Factorization: Shifted most content from grade 4 to grade 6 and added factors, multiples, divisibility into new learning outcomes in grades 4 to 6 to provide a clear learning progression with assessable learning outcomes.
    • Percentages, ratio, and rates: Shifted percentages from grade 5 to grade 4 to align with hundredths in decimals and fractions, and shifted ratios from grade 6 to grade 5 to create a learning sequence with percentages and rates, which are introduced in grade 6.
    • Place value: Added knowledge, understanding, skills and procedures in grade 2.
    • Inequality: Included inequality throughout K to 6.

Current and new curriculum comparison

The following list shows how elements in the current K-6 mathematics curriculum, updated in 2016, compare to the new curriculum. The comparisons provide examples and do not represent all the changes that were made.

  Current curriculum (2016) examples New curriculum (April 2022) examples
Spatial reasoning A limited focus on spatial reasoning is provided in earlier grades. More focus on spatial reasoning is provided at earlier grades to help students understand measurement and geometry concepts at a younger age.
Fractions Students start learning fractions in Grade 3. Students start learning fractions in Grade 1 to build a strong foundation for understanding proportions.
Number facts Students are expected to recall number facts. Students are expected to learn, recall, and apply number facts so they can add, subtract, multiply, and divide more efficiently in various situations.
Operations Students do not have to use a particular method to add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers and decimals.

There are clear expectations for students to use standard algorithms to add, subtract, multiply, or divide so there are consistent, reliable processes to find answers.

Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers and decimals, and to add and subtract fractions

Financial literacy Students are not required to learn about money and financial concepts. Students work with money concepts in mathematics to support financial literacy skills learned in physical education and wellness.

Snapshot by grade

In new K to 6 mathematics, students will learn about numbers and operations, measurement, geometry, algebra and statistics.

  • Kindergarten
    • Count and represent quantities within 10
    • Recognize 2-D and 3-D shapes in the environment
    • Compare objects by length, area, weight, and capacity
    • Order a sequence of events according to time
  • Grade 1
    Grade 1
    • Recall addition number facts to a sum of 20 and related subtraction facts
    • Compare and sort 2-D and 3-D shapes
    • Order objects according to length, area and capacity
    • Identify cycles of time from nature and calendars
  • Grade 2
    Grade 2
    • Add and subtract numbers within 100
    • Sort shapes and describe the sorting rule
    • Measure length in centimetres
    • Describe durations of time in days, weeks, months, or years
    • Collect and graph data
  • Grade 3
    Grade 3
    • Add and subtract numbers within 1000 using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Recall multiplication number facts to 10 x 10 and related division facts
    • Recognize parallel, perpendicular, and equal sides in 2-D shapes
    • Measure length using metric units
    • Tell time using analog and digital clocks
  • Grade 4
    Grade 4
    • Add and subtract numbers within 10,000 including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Multiply and divide 3-digit natural numbers by one-digit natural numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Classify quadrilaterals and triangles using angle and side measurements
    • Measure and calculate the area of rectangles
    • Represent and interpret data in various graphs
  • Grade 5
    Grade 5
    • Add and subtract numbers within 1,000,000 including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Multiply 3-digit natural numbers by two-digit natural numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Add and subtract fractions with common denominators
    • Write and evaluate algebraic expressions
    • Classify shapes using symmetry
    • Calculate area and perimeter of rectangles
  • Grade 6
    Grade 6
    • Add, subtract, multiply and divide using standard procedures (algorithms) to solve problems
    • Multiply fractions by natural numbers
    • Calculate area and volume
    • Solve algebraic equations
    • Collect, graph and interpret data

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