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- An annual tax on petroleum and natural gas mineral rights within provincial boundaries, not owned by the Government of Alberta.
- Assessed on revenue derived from production from freehold oil and gas properties.
- Calculated annually on calendar year production collected in March of the following calendar year. Payment of the tax is due April 25.
- Levied on each owner of a petroleum or natural gas mineral right as shown on the estate fee simple Certificate of Title.
Yearly FMT Cycle
Data is gathered on producing oil and gas wells on freehold lands from January to December.
Industry calculates and reports unit values on freehold properties with producing wells. If there are no industry submitted values, Crown calculated default values are used in the tax calculation.
Illustration of the Yearly FMT cycle (PDF, 38 KB) legislated dates are noted by * in the file.
These Unit Value Guides in PDF have been updated to clarify revenue and allowable costs. We encourage you to refer to these when calculating your unit values:
- Freehold Mineral Tax 2020 Unit Value Submission Guide (PDF, 1.4 MB)
- Freehold Mineral Tax 2019 Unit Value Submission Guide (PDF, 73 KB)
- Freehold Mineral Tax 2018 Unit Value Submission Guide (PDF, 73 KB)
Freehold Mineral Tax Enhanced Oil Recovery Program Guide (PDF, 381 KB) for the enhanced oil recovery program.
See the summary of customer inquiries (PDF, 88 KB) for common questions.
Your family may own freehold mineral rights if they settled in Alberta in the late 1800’s or early 1900’s, about 8% of Alberta’s mineral rights are privately owned.
To learn how freehold owners obtained their mineral rights see mineral ownership.
FMT has been levied since 1938. The tax was introduced to provide freehold monies for the province’s regulatory body, the Alberta Energy Regulator. From 1938 to 1972 the tax was an acreage tax, assessed on petroleum, natural gas, coal and salt. Since 1973 coal and salt are no longer taxed. From 1973 to 1982 the tax was assessed based on reserves. The current FMT legislation was introduced in 1983.
Owners looking for more information can contact the Freehold Owners Association it is a federally-incorporated, non-profit corporation registered to operate in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba that acts as a common voice in the interests of freehold owners. The Farmers' Advocate is also available for public information meetings on subjects such as surface rights, seismic activity, mineral leasing, trespass and other topics that may be of concern to the agricultural community.
The following statistics pertain to wells and production in freehold mineral rights.
Table 1. Net Tax Levied (Calendar Year)
Table 2. Freehold Wells (as of December 31); and Production (Calendar Year)
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