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Overview
Mathematics is a powerful tool used every day to solve reallife problems. It includes arithmetic, geometry, data, statistics, and probability.
Through mathematics, students learn critical thinking skills to analyze information and make decisions in a variety of situations. For example, they rely on mathematics to tell time, manage a budget, change a recipe, play a board game, build a Lego® model, or make a schedule.
Studying mathematics can lead to jobs in computer science, construction, artificial intelligence, teaching, the restaurant industry, and many other fields.
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Shifts in K6 mathematics
These are the main shifts in knowledge and skill requirements to the new K6 mathematics curriculum from the current curriculum.
New curriculum  Current curriculum  

Spatial reasoning  More focus on spatial reasoning at earlier grades to help students understand number and geometry concepts earlier.  Limited focus on spatial reasoning at earlier grades. 
Fractions  Students learn fractions in Grade 1 to build a strong foundation for understanding proportions.  Students start learning fractions in Grade 3. 
Number facts  Expectations for students to learn, recall, and apply number facts so they can add, subtract, multiply, and divide more efficiently in various situations.  Expectations for students to recall number facts. 
Operations  Clear expectations for students to use standard algorithms to add, subtract, multiply, or divide so there are consistent, reliable processes to find answers. Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and negative numbers to build a strong foundation for later grades. 
Students do not have to use a particular method to add, subtract, multiply, or divide. Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers and decimals. 
Financial literacy  Students learn money basics using mathematics to develop financial literacy skills.  Students are not required to learn about money and financial concepts. 
Snapshot by grade
In mathematics, students will learn about numbers and operations, geometry, and measurement of length, area, volume, and time.

Kindergarten
 Count and represent quantities within 10
 Recognize 2D and 3D shapes in the environment
 Compare objects by length, area, mass, and capacity
 Order a sequence of events according to time

Grade 1
 Recall addition number facts to a sum of 20 and related subtraction facts
 Compare and sort 2D and 3D shapes
 Order objects according to length
 Identify cycles of time from nature and calendars

Grade 2
 Add and subtract numbers within 100
 Use angles or sides to sort shapes, and describe the sorting rule
 Measure length in centimetres
 Describe durations of time in days, weeks, months, or years

Grade 3
 Add and subtract numbers within 1000 using standard procedures (algorithms)
 Recognize parallel, perpendicular, and equal sides in 2D shapes
 Convert between metric and imperial units
 Tell time using analog and digital clocks
 Multiply and divide within 100

Grade 4
 Add and subtract numbers within 10,000, including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
 Classify quadrilaterals and triangles using angle and side measurements
 Measure and calculate area
 Calculate elapsed time
 Multiply and divide 3digit natural numbers by 1digit natural numbers

Grade 5
 Add and subtract numbers within 1,000,000, including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
 Classify shapes using symmetry
 Calculate area and perimeter of rectangles
 Multiply fractions by whole numbers

Grade 6
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide using standard procedures (algorithms) to solve problems
 Recognize identical shape and size (congruency)
 Calculate volume of prisms
 Multiply and divide fractions
 Determine the value of money
 Count coins and bills
 Practise financial transactions
 Measure height, width, depth, area, volume, and time
 Use fractions in reallife situations, such as cooking and construction
 Recognize number pattern
Have your say
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K6 curriculum.