Table of contents

Overview

Mathematics is a powerful tool used every day to solve real-life problems. It includes arithmetic, geometry, data, statistics, and probability.

Through mathematics, students learn critical thinking skills to analyze information and make decisions in a variety of situations. For example, they rely on mathematics to tell time, manage a budget, change a recipe, play a board game, build a Lego® model, or make a schedule.

Studying mathematics can lead to jobs in computer science, construction, artificial intelligence, teaching, the restaurant industry, and many other fields.

Engagement timeline

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    Feedback open until Spring 2022

  • Completed

Resources

Shifts in K-6 mathematics

These are the main shifts in knowledge and skill requirements to the new K-6 mathematics curriculum from the current curriculum.

  New curriculum Current curriculum
Spatial reasoning More focus on spatial reasoning at earlier grades to help students understand number and geometry concepts earlier. Limited focus on spatial reasoning at earlier grades.
Fractions Students learn fractions in Grade 1 to build a strong foundation for understanding proportions. Students start learning fractions in Grade 3.
Number facts Expectations for students to learn, recall, and apply number facts so they can add, subtract, multiply, and divide more efficiently in various situations. Expectations for students to recall number facts.
Operations Clear expectations for students to use standard algorithms to add, subtract, multiply, or divide so there are consistent, reliable processes to find answers.

Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and negative numbers to build a strong foundation for later grades.
Students do not have to use a particular method to add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

Students are expected to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers and decimals.
Financial literacy Students learn money basics using mathematics to develop financial literacy skills. Students are not required to learn about money and financial concepts.

Snapshot by grade

In mathematics, students will learn about numbers and operations, geometry, and measurement of length, area, volume, and time.

  • Kindergarten
    Kindergarten
    • Count and represent quantities within 10
    • Recognize 2-D and 3-D shapes in the environment
    • Compare objects by length, area, mass, and capacity
    • Order a sequence of events according to time
  • Grade 1
    Grade 1
    • Recall addition number facts to a sum of 20 and related subtraction facts
    • Compare and sort 2-D and 3-D shapes
    • Order objects according to length
    • Identify cycles of time from nature and calendars
  • Grade 2
    Grade 2
    • Add and subtract numbers within 100
    • Use angles or sides to sort shapes, and describe the sorting rule
    • Measure length in centimetres
    • Describe durations of time in days, weeks, months, or years
  • Grade 3
    Grade 3
    • Add and subtract numbers within 1000 using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Recognize parallel, perpendicular, and equal sides in 2-D shapes
    • Convert between metric and imperial units
    • Tell time using analog and digital clocks
    • Multiply and divide within 100
  • Grade 4
    Grade 4
    • Add and subtract numbers within 10,000, including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Classify quadrilaterals and triangles using angle and side measurements
    • Measure and calculate area
    • Calculate elapsed time
    • Multiply and divide 3-digit natural numbers by 1-digit natural numbers
  • Grade 5
    Grade 5
    • Add and subtract numbers within 1,000,000, including decimal numbers, using standard procedures (algorithms)
    • Classify shapes using symmetry
    • Calculate area and perimeter of rectangles
    • Multiply fractions by whole numbers
  • Grade 6
    Grade 6
    • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide using standard procedures (algorithms) to solve problems
    • Recognize identical shape and size (congruency)
    • Calculate volume of prisms
    • Multiply and divide fractions
    • Determine the value of money
    • Count coins and bills
    • Practise financial transactions
    • Measure height, width, depth, area, volume, and time
    • Use fractions in real-life situations, such as cooking and construction
    • Recognize number pattern

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