Population updates

Population estimates released March 22, 2023

Fourth quarter 2022 Alberta population estimates (October 1 to December 31, 2022)

Population estimates for municipalities (census subdivisions) released January 11, 2023

2021-22 Annual Population Report released January 18, 2023

Alberta population estimates

A population estimate is a measure of the current or historical population at a particular point in time.

Alberta’s population growth continues to lead the country in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Alberta’s population growth continues to lead the country in the fourth quarter of 2022, according to provincial and territorial population estimates released by Statistics Canada for the period between October 1 and December 31, 2022.
    • Alberta just recorded the highest fourth-quarter growth rate among all provinces.
      • The province led the country in fourth-quarter growth, supported by strong levels of international and interprovincial migration.
      • Alberta added 45,864 residents between the beginning of October and the end of December 2022, posting a growth rate of 1.0%.
      • International net migration continues to bolster growth and Alberta attracted the most net interprovincial migrants across the country by a wide margin. On a net basis new Albertans came from every part of the country except Nunavut.
      • Among all provinces, Alberta still has the highest natural growth rate, the youngest average age, as well as the lowest proportion of people aged 65 and over.
    • Alberta’s average annual population growth rate was 3.7%, from January 2022 to January 2023.

Alberta components of population change, 4th quarter of 2022

Download full graphic (PNG, 54 KB)
Alberta components of population change
Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

Population of provinces and territories as of January 1, 2023 and growth rates since January 1, 2022

Population of provinces and territories as of January 1, 2023 and growth rates since January 1, 2022
Population Y/Y Growth rate
Canada 39,566,248 2.73%
NL 531,948 1.81%
PEI 173,954 4.25%
NS 1,037,782 3.53%
NB 825,474 3.28%
QC 8,787,554 1.74%
ON 15,386,407 2.98%
MB 1,431,792 2.39%
SK 1,214,618 2.47%
AB 4,647,178 3.68%
BC 5,399,118 2.81%
YT 44,238 2.31%
NWT 45,493 -0.47%
NVT 40,692 1.72%
  • Alberta’s population growth rate of 1.0% over the fourth quarter was higher than Canada’s of 0.7%. Alberta had the highest growth rate in the country. Among the four largest provinces, Ontario had the next fastest fourth-quarter growth at 0.81%, with B.C. and Quebec coming in at 0.57% and 0.41% respectively.
  • International net migration was the biggest driver of Alberta’s growth in the fourth quarter, contributing 0.65%, followed by net interprovincial migration at 0.25% and natural increase with 0.10%.

International migration

  • International migration contributed 29,680 net new residents to Alberta in the fourth quarter of 2022.
    • Alberta welcomed 9,903 immigrants in the fourth quarter.
    • In the fourth quarter, 83,125 immigrants made their home in Canada, a number significantly lower than the previous three quarters. This is not unusual, as levels in the fourth quarter often vary as processing adjusts to align with calendar year immigration targets. The national immigration target for the calendar year of 2022 was 431,645. Year-to-date, Canada welcomed 437,180 immigrants: very close to the target.
    • Alberta’s share of national immigration was 11.9% of total arrivals to Canada. This share was 1.7 percentage points above that of the same period last year (10.2%).
    • Near-record net inflows of non-permanent residents (21,020) to the province added to international migration. The category of non-permanent residents (NPR) includes temporary foreign workers, international students, and refugee claimants. Strong net inflows on NPRs at the national level boosted arrivals to all provinces, including Alberta. On the national level, 196,262 NPRs were admitted in the fourth quarter.
    • Nationally, the increase in NPRs was primarily driven by an increase in work permit holders.

Interprovincial migration

  • By a substantial margin, Alberta posted the largest net interprovincial gain of all provinces/territories in the fourth quarter (11,534). Besides Alberta, only the Atlantic provinces of New Brunswick (1,021), Nova Scotia (1,025) and P.E.I. (533) registered a notable net gain of interprovincial migrants. Newfoundland and Labrador also saw a small positive net gain.
    • This was the fourth quarter in a row that Alberta registered the highest net interprovincial gains.
    • On a net basis, Alberta gained the most interprovincial migrants from Ontario (4,831), B.C. (3,591), Manitoba (925) and Saskatchewan (829).

Natural increase

  • Natural increase (births minus deaths) added 4,650 people.
    • There were 12,196 births and 7,519 deaths in the fourth quarter of 2022.
    • Alberta was one of only four provinces where births outnumbered deaths in the fourth quarter.
    • Alberta’s natural growth rate of 0.10% outpaced the rates for Saskatchewan (0.07%), Manitoba (0.03%) and Ontario (0.03 %).

Net population movement for Alberta (October 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022)

Map: Net Population Movement for Alberta
Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

Interprovincial migration statistics (October 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022)

Interprovincial Migration Statistics, July 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022
In Out Net Outflow
to Alberta
from Alberta
Net Flow
to Alberta
NL 1,597 1.215 382 386 299 87
PEI 1,323 790 533 150 112 38
NS 3,925 2,900 1,025 642 390 252
NB 3,115 2,094 1,021 382 177 205
QC 4,413 5,984 -1,571 1,067 426 641
ON 13,813 21,124 -7,311 7,244 2,413 4,831
MB 1,949 4,301 -2,352 1,357 432 925
SK 2,924 4,036 -1,112 1,835 1,006 829
AB 20,514 8,980 11,534 0 0 0
BC 10,165 11,995 -1,830 7,134 3,543 3,591
YT 273 272 1 108 40 68
NWT 190 496 -306 195 69 126
NVT 218 232 -14 14 73 -59

Data tables (Excel format)

Population estimates and components of growth

Components of migration, mobility and births and deaths

PDF reports: Annual and quarterly population reports archive

These past publications detail Alberta population estimates between 2002 and 2019.

Animated population estimates pyramid (age and sex)

See the animated pyramid population estimates (age and sex) for 1921 to 2020 (updated October 7, 2020).

Shifts in the age distribution result from changes in fertility, mortality and migration for specific age groups.

The relative size of the major cohorts in Alberta’s population is largely due to the differences in the size of the cohort at birth. For instance:

  • an increase in fertility rates after World War II caused the large Baby Boom cohort
    (born 1946–1965)
  • the decline in fertility rates right after the Baby Boom years led to the Baby Bust cohort
    (born 1965–1974)
  • the Boomer cohort’s children also stand out in the pyramid as the Echo generation
    (born 1975–1995)

Alberta population projections

Population projections give a picture of what the future population may be like. Population growth projections for Alberta and its sub-regions use 3 scenarios:

  • medium-growth (or reference)
  • high-growth
  • low-growth

Alberta population projections infographic – 2022 to 2046:

Alberta population projections infographic

Highlights: 2022-46 medium (reference) scenario

In 2046, Alberta’s population is expected to:

  • reach over 6.4 million people, an increase of almost 2.0 million people from 2021
  • become older, with an average age of 41.7 years, up from 38.9 years in 2021
  • become increasingly diverse, as arrivals from other countries account for about 55% of the expected growth over the projection period
  • become more concentrated in urban centres, especially along the Edmonton-Calgary Corridor; 80% of Albertans are expected to live in this region by 2046

Chart: Alberta Population Projections, 1972-2046

Alberta Population Projections, 1972-2046
Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

PDF report and infographic: Alberta population projections

The following are for 2022 to 2046 and were released on July 5, 2022:

Data tables: Alberta population projections

The following files are for 2022 to 2046 and were released on July 5, 2022.

Population projections data tables – Alberta and Census Divisions

Population projections data tables – Economic Divisions

  • These are available upon request. Contact Jennifer Hansen ([email protected]) for assistance.

Animated population projection pyramids (age and sex)

Animated population pyramids are available below for Alberta.

Age and sex are presented as percentages of the total population for the periods 1996 – 2021 (estimated) and 2022 – 2046 (projected) under 3 different population growth assumptions:

  • medium growth (reference scenario as most-likely case based on historical trends)
  • high growth
  • low growth

The population projection pyramids below are for 1996 to 2046 and were released on July 5, 2022.

Chart: Alberta population by age and sex (thousands), 2021 and 2046

View the pyramid animation for the medium growth scenario population projections (age and sex) to 2046. The image below shows the population for 2021 and 2046.

Alberta Population by Age and Sex (Thousands), 2021 and 2046

Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

Animated population projection pyramids for Alberta

Animated population projection pyramids for Census Divisions and Economic Regions

  • These are available upon request. Contact Jennifer Hansen ([email protected]) for assistance.

Population change components

Population change is a result of the relationship between births, deaths and migration.


Natural increase
The difference between the number of births and deaths.
Migration (net)
The difference between movements into a region and those out of a region.
International migration (net)
This includes immigrants, emigrants, non-permanent residents (net), temporarily abroad (net) and returning migrants (see definitions below).
  • Immigrants: permanent residents moving to Canada from other countries and landing in Alberta.
  • Emigrants: people permanently leaving Canada
  • Non-permanent residents (net): in and out movements of foreign students, workers and refugee claimants, and the families of each of these categories
  • Temporarily abroad (net): movements of people who do not have a residence in Canada, but intend to return
  • Returning migrants: former emigrants who have returned to Canada to live
Interprovincial migration (net)
The movement between the provinces and territories of Canada, which equals 0 at the national level.
Intraprovincial migration (net)
The movement within the province of Alberta, which equals 0 at the provincial level.

Data tables (Excel format): population change components

Demographic spotlight reports

Demographic profiles and information about the population, such as:

  • migrants
  • age cohorts
  • fertility

PDF reports: demographic spotlights

Demographic glossary of terms

We have a document listing relevant demographic terms.

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Jennifer Hansen, Manager, Demography and Social Statistics
Office of Statistics and Information
Phone: 780-427-8811
Toll free: 310-0000 before the phone number (in Alberta)
Email: [email protected]

General OSI enquiries

Hours: 8:15 am to 4:30 pm (open Monday to Friday, closed statutory holidays)
Phone: 780-427-2071
Toll free: 310-0000 before the phone number (in Alberta)
Fax: 780-426-3951
Email: [email protected]

Media enquiries

Contact the Treasury Board and Finance Spokesperson.

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