See population estimates, projections, components of change, demographic spotlight reports and a list of demographic terms.
Alberta population estimates
A population estimate is a measure of the current or historical population at a particular point in time.
PDF reports: Quarterly population reports
- 2018 First Quarter Population Report (PDF, 675 KB) (June 14, 2018)
- Archive: 2009 Second Quarter – Current
- Archive: 2002 First Quarter – 2009 First Quarter
Data tables: Population estimates
- Population estimates data tables – total population estimates, components of growth and population by age and sex (Excel format) (June 14, 2018)
Animated population estimates pyramid (age and sex)
See the animated pyramid for population estimates period (age and sex): 1921-2017.
Shifts in the age distribution result from changes in fertility, mortality and migration for specific age groups.
The relative size of the major cohorts in Alberta’s population is largely due to the differences in the size of the cohort at birth. For instance:
- an increase in fertility rates after World War II caused the large Baby Boom cohort
- the decline in fertility rates right after the Baby Boom years led to the Baby Bust cohort
- the Boomer cohort’s children also stand out in the pyramid as the Echo generation
Alberta population projections
Population projections give a picture of what the future population may be like. Population growth projections for Alberta and its sub-regions use 3 scenarios:
- medium-growth (or reference)
PDF reports: Alberta population projections
The following reports are for 2018–2046 and were released on July 3, 2018:
- Highlights (PDF, 90 KB)
- Population projections, 2018-2046 (PDF, 1.5 MB)
- Methodology and Assumptions (PDF, 496 KB)
- Archive of previous reports
Data tables: Alberta population projections
The following files are for 2018-2046 and were released on July 3, 2018:
- Population projections data tables – Alberta, Census Divisions and Economic Regions
(Excel and CSV format)
Animated population projection pyramids (age and sex)
Animated population pyramids are available below for Alberta, 19 Census Divisions and 8 Economic Regions.
Age and sex are presented as percentages of the total population for the periods 1996–2017 (estimated) and 2018–2046 (projected) under 3 different population growth assumptions:
- medium growth (reference scenario as most-likely case based on historical trends)
- high growth
- low growth
The population projection pyramids below are for 1996–2046 and were released on July 3, 2018.
Animated population projection pyramids for Alberta
- Alberta – medium growth (reference scenario)
- Alberta – all growth assumptions (medium, high and low growth)
Animated population projection pyramids for 19 Census Divisions
- See individual maps of the 19 Census Divisions (boundaries as of 2011 Census of Canada)
- Census Divisions – medium growth (reference scenario)
- Census Divisions – high growth
- Census Divisions – low growth
Animated population projection pyramids for 8 Economic Regions
- See individual maps of the 8 Economic Regions (boundaries as of 2011)
- Economic Regions – medium growth (reference scenario)
- Economic Regions – high growth
- Economic Regions – low growth
Population change components
Population change is a result of the relationship between births, deaths and migration.
- Natural increase
- The difference between the number of births and deaths.
- Migration (net)
- The difference between movements into a region and those out of a region.
- International migration (net)
- This includes immigrants, emigrants, non-permanent residents (net), temporarily abroad (net) and returning migrants (see definitions below).
- Immigrants: permanent residents moving to Canada from other countries and landing in Alberta.
- Emigrants: people permanently leaving Canada
- Non-permanent residents (net): in and out movements of foreign students, workers and refugee claimants, and the families of each of these categories
- Temporarily abroad (net): movements of people who do not have a residence in Canada, but intend to return
- Returning migrants: former emigrants who have returned to Canada to live
- Interprovincial migration (net)
- The movement between the provinces and territories of Canada, which equals 0 at the national level.
- Intraprovincial migration (net)
- The movement within the province of Alberta, which equals 0 at the provincial level.
Data tables: population change components
- Components of Growth (XLSX, 156 KB) (updated quarterly)
- Life expectancy in Alberta, at birth and age 65 (October 18, 2017)
- Fertility rates – Alberta and 19 Census Divisions (October 2, 2017)
- Mobility (migrants) – Alberta, 19 Census Divisions and 8 Economic Regions
(March 26, 2018 and September 29, 2017)
- Vital statistics (births and deaths) – Alberta, 19 Census Divisions and 8 Economic Regions
(March 26, 2018 and September 27, 2017)
Demographic spotlight reports
Demographic profiles and information about the population, such as:
- age cohorts
PDF reports: demographic spotlights
- Interprovincial Employees in Alberta: industrial profile by major region of origin (March 28, 2017)
- A profile of interprovincial employees in Alberta – 2012 update (September 21, 2016)
- Demographic Trends in Alberta's Economic Regions (December 9, 2011)
- The visible minority population: recent trends in Alberta and Canada (August 31, 2011)
- Fertility in Alberta (June 10, 2011)
- Migration trends in census divisions: Fort McMurray, Calgary and Edmonton (March 11, 2011)
- Mortality in Alberta (December 17, 2010)
- Census families in Alberta and Canada (July 28, 2010)
- International migration in Alberta (December 21, 2009)
- Interprovincial migration patterns in Alberta (September 26, 2009)
- Non-permanent residents in Alberta (May 21, 2009)
Demographic glossary of terms
We have a document listing relevant demographic terms.
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Jennifer Hansen, Manager, Demography and Social Statistics
Office of Statistics and Information
General OSI enquiries
Hours: 8:15 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. (Monday to Friday, closed from noon to 1 p.m. and statutory holidays)
Toll free: 310-0000 before the phone number (in Alberta)
Contact the Treasury Board and Finance Spokesperson.