Alberta population estimates

A population estimate is a measure of the current or historical population at a particular point in time.

Download: complete Quarterly Population Report - Fourth Quarter of 2018 (March 21, 2019 - published May 17, 2019) (PDF, 511 KB)

See below for highlights from the publication.

Alberta sees highest quarterly growth of the provinces

  • For the first time since 2015, Alberta led the provinces in quarterly population growth.
  • A combination of positive net interprovincial migration, increased immigration, moderated net outflows of non-permanent residents (NPRS), and a relatively steady level of natural increase contributed to Alberta’s largest fourth quarter growth since 2014.
  • As of January 1, 2019, Alberta had an estimated population of 4,345,737, an addition of 15,531 people since October 1, 2018.
  • While most provinces experienced smaller quarterly growth compared to the same period last year, Alberta’s growth increased from 0.27% to 0.36%, which was almost double the national figure (0.19%) and highest among the provinces.
  • Of the total growth, International migration and natural increase both contributed 0.15% each, while interprovincial migration contributed 0.06%.

Map: Net Population Movement for Alberta, October 1 to December 31, 2018

Map: Net Population Movement for Alberta
Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

PDF reports: Quarterly population reports

Data tables (Excel format): Population estimates, components of growth, births and deaths and components of migration

Animated population estimates pyramid (age and sex)

See the animated pyramid population estimates (age and sex) for 1921 to 2018 (updated February 14, 2019).

Shifts in the age distribution result from changes in fertility, mortality and migration for specific age groups.

The relative size of the major cohorts in Alberta’s population is largely due to the differences in the size of the cohort at birth. For instance:

  • an increase in fertility rates after World War II caused the large Baby Boom cohort
    (born 1946–1965)
  • the decline in fertility rates right after the Baby Boom years led to the Baby Bust cohort
    (born 1965–1974)
  • the Boomer cohort’s children also stand out in the pyramid as the Echo generation
    (born 1975–1995)

Alberta population projections

Population projections give a picture of what the future population may be like. Population growth projections for Alberta and its sub-regions use 3 scenarios:

  • medium-growth (or reference)
  • high-growth
  • low-growth

Download: complete report - 2018-2046 Alberta population projections (July 3, 2018)
(PDF, 1.5 MB)

See below for highlights from the publication.

Highlights: 2018-2046 medium (reference) scenario

  • Alberta is projected to add roughly 2.1 million residents over the next 29 years, reaching 6.4 million by 2046; an average annual growth rate of 1.4%.
  • The majority of the expected growth will be due to migration, with 48% from international migration and 18% from interprovincial migration.
  • By comparison, natural increase is projected to account for the remaining 34% of growth.
  • In the short term, net interprovincial migration will recover from the outflows of the past 2 years, leading to an increase in population growth over the next 5 years.
  • Alberta’s population is projected to continue aging, where the average age is expected to climb to 41.6 years by 2046 from 37.9 in 2017.
  • In 2017, a newborn girl could expect to live an average of 83.4 years, while a boy could live to 79.0 years.
  • By 2046, life expectancy at birth is projected to rise to 87.1 for females and 83.5 years for males.
  • The number of seniors aged 65 and older is expected to more than double from almost 530,000, or about 13% of the total population in 2017, to over 1.1 million, or around 18% by 2040.
  • Almost 1 in 5 Albertans is projected to be aged 65 or older by 2046.
  • While the number of Albertans in working ages (15 to 64 years) is expected to increase, the population share of this cohort is projected to drop from its current level of 69.1% to 64.0% by 2046.
  • By 2046, Census Division 4 (CD 4) (Hanna) is projected to be the oldest region, with 29.7% of its population aged 65 or older. CD 17 (Slave Lake) is expected to be the youngest, with a 13.5% population share of seniors.
  • Between 2017 and 2025, the population aged 5 to 17 years is expected to increase at an average annual rate of 2.1%.
  • Growth is expected to be concentrated in regions with larger urban centres, especially the Edmonton‑Calgary Corridor.
  • By 2046, 4 out of 5 Albertans are projected to be living in the 3 census divisions that make up this region, CD 6 (Calgary), CD 8 (Red Deer) and CD 11 (Edmonton), up from 76% in 2017.
  • Except for CD 4 (Hanna), CD 7 (Stettler) and CD 13 (Whitecourt), positive population growth is expected in all regions of the province. However, growth is projected to be very small in CD 3 (Pincher Creek), CD 15 (Banff), and CD 14 (Edson).

Chart: Alberta Population Projections, 1972-2046

Alberta Population Projections, 1972-2046
Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

PDF reports: Alberta population projections

The following reports are for 2018 – 2046 and were released on July 3, 2018:

Data tables: Alberta population projections

The following files are for 2018 – 2046 and were released on July 3, 2018:

Animated population projection pyramids (age and sex)

Animated population pyramids are available below for Alberta, 19 Census Divisions and 8 Economic Regions.

Age and sex are presented as percentages of the total population for the periods 1996–2017 (estimated) and 2018–2046 (projected) under 3 different population growth assumptions:

  • medium growth (reference scenario as most-likely case based on historical trends)
  • high growth
  • low growth

The population projection pyramids below are for 1996 – 2046 and were released on July 3, 2018.

Chart 2: Alberta Population by Age and Sex (Thousands), 2017 and 2046

View the pyramid animation for the medium growth scenario population projections (age and sex) to 2046. The image below shows the estimate for 2017 and 2046.

Chart 3: Alberta Population by Age and Sex (Thousands), 2017 and 2046

Source: Statistics Canada and Alberta Treasury Board and Finance

Animated population projection pyramids for Alberta

Animated population projection pyramids for 19 Census Divisions

Animated population projection pyramids for 8 Economic Regions

Population change components

Population change is a result of the relationship between births, deaths and migration.


Natural increase
The difference between the number of births and deaths.
Migration (net)
The difference between movements into a region and those out of a region.
International migration (net)
This includes immigrants, emigrants, non-permanent residents (net), temporarily abroad (net) and returning migrants (see definitions below).
  • Immigrants: permanent residents moving to Canada from other countries and landing in Alberta.
  • Emigrants: people permanently leaving Canada
  • Non-permanent residents (net): in and out movements of foreign students, workers and refugee claimants, and the families of each of these categories
  • Temporarily abroad (net): movements of people who do not have a residence in Canada, but intend to return
  • Returning migrants: former emigrants who have returned to Canada to live
Interprovincial migration (net)
The movement between the provinces and territories of Canada, which equals 0 at the national level.
Intraprovincial migration (net)
The movement within the province of Alberta, which equals 0 at the provincial level.

Data tables (Excel format): population change components

Demographic spotlight reports

Demographic profiles and information about the population, such as:

  • migrants
  • age cohorts
  • fertility

PDF reports: demographic spotlights

Demographic glossary of terms

We have a document listing relevant demographic terms.

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Jennifer Hansen, Manager, Demography and Social Statistics
Office of Statistics and Information
Phone: 780-427-8811
Toll free: 310-0000 before the phone number (in Alberta)

General OSI enquiries

Hours: 8:15 am to 4:30 pm (open Monday to Friday, closed statutory holidays)
Phone: 780-427-2071
Toll free: 310-0000 before the phone number (in Alberta)
Fax: 780-426-3951

Media enquiries

Contact the Treasury Board and Finance Spokesperson.