French-language content for this topic on Alberta.ca is currently being developed. Information will remain available on the Alberta Education website until this is complete.
La page correspondante en français est en cours de préparation sur le site Web Alberta.ca. Pendant cette période de transition, l'information qu'elle contient demeure disponible sur le site Web du ministère de l'Éducation.
The Education Act sets out the goals, roles and responsibilities of Alberta's Early Childhood Services to Grade 12 (ECS to 12) education system.
Bills and amendments
The Education Amendment Act, formerly Bill 8, amends the Education Act to carry over recent improvements made to the education system. The bill also ensures that some current rules will not change in order to minimize disruptions to parents and schools. These include:
- existing age of access is maintained (19)
- residency rules based on custodial parent
- sixteen as the compulsory age of attendance
- standardized age of entry to kindergarten will come into effect on September 1, 2020
- the restriction on charging school fees for specific instructional supplies and materials
Education Act regulations
The following regulations take their authority from specific sections of the Education Act and describe additional legal requirements that must be met by:
- the Government of Alberta
- school boards
- charter schools
- private schools
- early childhood operators
The relevant sections of the Education Act are identified after each regulation.
- Alberta School Foundation Fund s.169
- Board of Reference Fees s.239
- Board Procedures s.69
- Borrowing s.180
- Certification of Teachers and Teacher Leaders ss.201 and s.224
- Charter Schools s.28
- Disposition of Property s.194
- Early Childhood Services s.21
- Establishment of Separate School Districts ss. 100, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107 and 110
- Home Education s.20
- Investment s.54
- Petitions and Public Notices s.250
- Practice Review of Teachers and Teacher Leaders ss.201 and 224
- Private Schools s.29
- School Councils s.55
- School Fees s.57
- School Transportation s.59
- Special School Tax Levy Plebiscite s.172
- Student Record s.56
- Superintendent of Schools s.224
- Charter Schools Exemption and Application s.27
These 2 Ministerial Orders support the transition to the new Education Act and implement changes in the names of school jurisdictions under the Education Act.
- The Continuance of the School Divisions and the Board of Trustees Order
- The Continuance of the Francophone Education Regions and Francophone Regional Authorities Order
The following acts and regulations provide supplemental direction on key aspects of Alberta's ECS to 12 education system:
- Alberta School Boards Association Act
- Northland School Division Act
- Public Education Collective Bargaining Act and Regulation
- Remembrance Day Act
- St. Albert and Sturgeon Valley School Districts Establishment Act
- Teaching Profession Act and Regulations
- Teachers' Pension Plans Act
- Teachers' and Private School Teachers' Pension Plans
- Teachers' Pension Plans (Legislative Provisions) Regulations
Other provincial acts and regulations, while not specific to ECS to 12 education, must also be followed:
- Alberta Human Rights Act
- Child, Youth and Family Enhancement Act
- Children First Act
- Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIPP)
- Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA)
- Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act
The requirements set out in the following acts and regulations apply in addition to the Education Act.
Provincial Mandate on Education
The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1867 (previously known as the British North America Act) establishes exclusive provincial/territorial mandates with respect to education matters.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1982 (also known as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) ensures the rights of all peoples in Canada to:
- minority language education rights
Human Rights Act
The Government of Canada Human Rights Act declares that individuals cannot be discriminated against on the basis of:
- national or ethnic origin
- sexual orientation
- marital status
- family status
First Nations education
The Government of Canada Indian Act defines the rights and responsibilities of First Nations people and communities, and the role of the federal government in First Nations matters. This includes federal responsibility for the education of First Nations children and youth living on reserve. The Indian Act also enables First Nations to enter into agreements with provincial school boards so that their students may attend schools that are located off reserve.
The Government of Canada Copyright Act establishes the rights of ownership, reproduction and use of original works (for example, textbooks and other educational resources, literature, music, academic writing) and the penalties for unauthorized use of such works.
All Alberta school authorities must comply with international and federal copyright legislation and related agreements.