Licensing stages

In Alberta it takes a minimum of 3 years to get a full, non-GDL Class 5 Driver’s Licence.

Stage 1. Learner (Class 7 Licence)

To get a learner’s driver’s licence you must:

  • be 14 years of age or older
  • have parental or guardian consent if you are under 18 years of age
  • pass a knowledge test
  • pass a vision test

How to get a Class 7 Licence

Stage 2. Probationary (Class 5-GDL Licence)

To get a probationary driver’s licence you must:

  • be 16 years of age or older
  • have parental or guardian consent if you are under 18 years of age
  • have had a Class 7 learner’s licence for at least 12 months
  • pass the basic road test

How to get a Class 5-GDL

Stage 3. Full, non-GDL (Class 5 Licence)

To become a fully-licensed driver you must:

  • drive for 2 years as a Class 5-GDL driver
  • have no licence suspensions during the last 12 months of the probationary stage
  • pass the advanced road test

How to get a Class 5 licence

Optional licence classes

Get a Motorcycle Licence (Class 6)

Upgrade to a Commercial Licence (Classes 1, 2, 3, 4)

For more information

Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Cars and Light Trucks

Commercial Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Trucks, Buses, Emergency Responders and Taxis

Rider’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Motorcycles, Mopeds and Power-assisted Bicycles

Licence and vehicle types

Alberta’s 7 classes of driver’s licences allow you to drive the following vehicles:

Class 7 – Learner’s Licence

  • moped (by yourself)
  • all Class 5 or Class 6 vehicles (with someone over 18 with a full Class 5 driver’s licence)

Class 5 – Graduated Driver’s Licence (GDL)

  • 2-axle single motor vehicle
  • motorhome without airbrakes unless you hold an air brake certificate
  • tow a trailer with one or more axles if the trailer is not equipped with airbrakes
  • moped, recreational vehicle, or any combination of recreational vehicles and a trailer, if the trailer has 2 axles or less and isn’t equipped with airbrakes

Class 5 – Full Licence, non-GDL

  • 2-axle single motor vehicle
  • motorhome without airbrakes unless you hold an air brake certificate
  • tow a trailer with one or more axles if the trailer is not equipped with airbrakes
  • moped, recreational vehicle, or any combination of recreational vehicles and a trailer, if the trailer has 2 axles or less and isn’t equipped with airbrakes

Class 6 – Motorcycle

  • motorcycle or moped
  • all Class 5 vehicles as a learner

Class 1 – Commercial

  • any motor vehicle other than a motorcycle
  • all class 6 vehicles as a learner

Class 2 – Commercial (bus)

  • any motor vehicle that the holder of a Class 3, 4 or 5 licence is allowed to drive
  • bus
  • Class 1 and 6 vehicles as a learner

Class 3 – Commercial (3 or more axles)

  • any motor vehicle that the holder of a Class 5 licence may drive
  • single motor vehicle with 3 or more axles
  • motor vehicle with 3 or more axles towing a trailer with one or more axles (if the trailer is not equipped with airbrakes)
  • Class 1, 2, 4 or 6 vehicles as a learner

Class 4 – Commercial (taxi, ambulance)

  • taxi, ambulance or bus that seats up to 24 people, excluding the driver
  • all Class 5 vehicles
  • all Class 1, 2, 3 or 6 vehicles as a learner

Driving suspensions

In Alberta, a driver’s licence can be suspended for several reasons.

It is illegal to drive with a licence that has been suspended or disqualified.

Licensed drivers who have a demerit suspension can apply for a Restricted Driver’s Licence. This program helps people who need to drive for employment, health or educational reasons while they are serving a demerit suspension.