Required cycling equipment
Based on provincial regulations, here is a list of required bicycling equipment.
Helmets for youths
- Helmets that meet ANSI, Snell or CSA standards are approved.
- Cyclists under the age of 18 must wear an approved bicycle helmet.
- If you have children and pull them in trail-a-bikes or trailers, they must also wear an approved bicycle helmet.
- Fit the helmet an inch above your eyebrows and make sure it's level.
- Adjust the straps so that the V is below your ears.
- Use 2 fingers between your chin and the strap to make sure the strap is not too tight.
- Riders of power bicycles can choose to wear a bicycle helmet instead of a motorcycle helmet.
- All bicycles must have at least one brake that will lock wheels on dry, level, and clean pavement.
- Brake with 2 hands to make sure that your equipment is working properly.
- Always allow extra stopping distance in wetter weather.
- If you are passing pedestrians on shared-used pathways, you must sound a warning device like a horn or bell on your bike.
Lamps and reflectors
- When cycling at night, your bike must have the following:
- a front headlamp (non-flashing)
- a red tail lamp (non-flashing)
- a red rear reflector
Recommended cycling equipment
Along with mandatory safety gear required to keep you and others safe, consider adding a few recommended pieces to stay visible and prepared on roads or pathways.
Helmets for adults
- All adults are encouraged to wear helmets to protect themselves while cycling.
- Children will follow the lead of adults wearing helmets.
- Choose brightly coloured or reflective clothing to make yourself more visible while cycling.
- Dress for the weather with items that will keep you warm and dry.
- Wear gloves that will protect your hands from dirt and debris.
- Avoid wearing headphones since you will be less likely to hear traffic and warning signs.
- Carry a small backpack or place saddlebags on the side of your bike to keep your hands free.
- Attach a basket to your handlebars for added storage.
- Use a rack to hold your water bottle on the base of your bike.
- Since bike trailers can be hard to see, place a red flag at rider height to improve your visibility.
- Use brightly coloured flags to help motorists see you and your cargo, especially when riding on a highway.