Standards and requirements for landfills in Alberta.

Landfills in Alberta

Landfilling is the most common method to dispose of waste in Alberta. Even though significant efforts are made to reduce, reuse, and recycle as much of the waste we produce, there is still a need for disposal facilities.

Alberta began regionalizing its municipal landfill system in the 1970s to transition the province from a system of small municipal "dumps" throughout the countryside to regional landfills with a network of transfer stations that would consolidate waste. This shift allowed for the cost-effective development of engineered landfill sites.

Modern landfills are engineered waste management facilities that are typically integrated with other activities such as organics management and collection sites for household hazardous waste, tires, white goods and other recyclable materials.

Landfill types

Landfills in Alberta are classified by the waste streams they can accept. There are three classes of landfills:

  • Class I – Hazardous waste landfill
  • Class II – Non-hazardous waste landfill
  • Class III – Inert waste landfill


The Standards for Landfills in Alberta outline the minimum requirements for development, operation, monitoring, closure and post-closure of Class I, Class II, and Class III landfills. The Standards are intended to provide public assurance regarding the protection of groundwater and surface water, and the appropriate management of nuisances associated with landfill development.

The Guide to the Standards for Landfills in Alberta is currently being developed to assist landfill owners, operators, engineers, and others with the siting, design, operation, monitoring, closure, and post-closure of landfills in Alberta.

Some small landfills in suitable geological areas may also register under the Code of Practice for Landfills. However, these facilities are encouraged to use the Standards for Landfills in the development of the operations plan for ongoing monitoring and operation.

Approval and registration

This application form outlines the requirements under the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA) for Class II and Class III landfill proposals requiring either an approval or registration. This form should also be used to renew a previous approval, or to amend, add, or delete terms or conditions from an existing approval.

For more information on the regulatory process for landfills, see detailed information on the approval process: Apply for Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act approvals.

Landfill gas

The Alberta Landfill Gas Working Group developed a guidance document to assist landfills in Alberta to quantify gas emissions through modelling.

This landfill specified gas emission quantification guidance document will be recognized by the Alberta government as the standardized method for landfill specified gas quantification until such time when standardized field quantification methods are approved in the future.

Guidance for landfill emissions quantification

Landfills owners and operators should consult the following guidance document and supporting worksheets to quantify greenhouse gas emissions from their landfill operations.

For more information on emission offsets, go to Alberta Emission Offset System

Financial security

Funds must be set aside by landfill owners to ensure that sites are reclaimed to a useful and productive state when operations conclude. Owners of waste management facilities (excluding on-site, Crown and local authority facilities) must provide financial security to the department before starting operations or reclaiming their facilities.


Section 17 of the Matters related to Subdivision and Development Regulation (AR 84/2022) under the Municipal Government Act defines the setback distances required for an operating landfill, non-operating landfill, waste storage site and hazardous waste management facilities.