Regardless of age, all new drivers are part of the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program. This program ensures new drivers get the support, skills and experience they need to handle the complex task of driving. GDL improves road safety by creating a safe and controlled environment for all new drivers.
As a GDL driver, you will hold one of the following driver's licence:
- Stage One: Class 7 (Learner's Driver's Licence)
- Stage Two: Class 5-GDL (Probationary Licence)
The following information highlights the key features of the Learner (Stage One) and Probationary (Stage Two) phases of the Graduated Driver Licensing program.
Stage 1: Learner (Class 7)
To obtain a class 7 learner's driver's licence you must:
❑ be 14 years of age or older
❑ pass a vision screening
❑ pass a knowledge test on the rules of the road
❑ have parental consent if you are under 18 years of age
❑ have valid identification
- You must hold a learner's driver's licence (class 7) for at least one year.
- You must be accompanied by a fully licensed (non-GDL probationary) driver who is 18 years of age or older and is seated next to you.
- You are not permitted to drive from midnight to 5 a.m.
- You are not permitted to have more passengers than seat belts.
- You will be suspended if you accumulate eight or more demerit points.
- You must have zero level of alcohol and drug when driving (or riding a motorcycle).
Stage 2: GDL Probationary (Class 5-GDL)
To become a probationary driver you must:
❑ hold your class 7 driver's licence for a year (this time will be extended if you receive a suspension of your driving privileges)
❑ be 16 years of age or older
❑ pass the basic Alberta class 5 road test
- You must be a probationary driver for a minimum of two years.
- You must have no more passengers than seat belts.
- You will be suspended if you accumulate 8 or more demerit points.
- You must have a zero alcohol level when driving.
- You are not able to re-class your licence to a commercial driver's licence (classes 1, 2, 3 or 4).
- You cannot serve as an accompanying driver to a learner.
Stage 3: Full, non-GDL Driver's licence (Class 5)
To become a fully licensed driver you must:
❑ have been suspension free for the last twelve months of the probationary stage
❑ pass the advanced road test
It will take a minimum of three years to complete both the learner's and probationary stages of the program.
Exiting the GDL program
Exiting the GDL program is not mandatory. However, if you do exit from GDL you will:
- move from a class 5-GDL to a full class 5 driver's licence
- qualify to re-class to a class 1, 2, 3, or 4 driver's licence
- increase the number of demerits you are allowed
- remove the zero alcohol and drug tolerance condition
- be able to be an accompanying driver to a learner
To exit the GDL program you must:
❑ be in the probationary stage for a minimum of two years
❑ be suspension free for the last twelve months of the two-year probationary stage
❑ pass the advanced road test