Class 5 is the most commonly held driver's licence, allowing drivers to operate cars and other light vehicles.

The basic road test

Passing the basic road test allows GDL drivers to move from a class 7 (Learner) to a class 5-GDL driver's licence. This test determines whether a learner has developed the driving skills necessary like safe vehicle handling, judgment and knowledge of the rules of the road to become a class 5-GDL probationary driver.

When you pass the basic road test you must take the road test permit you purchased to do the test to a registry agent to ensure your driver's licence is updated. The road test permit is not a driver's licence.

During the probationary stage you will have a minimum of two years to further develop the skills necessary to take the advanced road test and exit the GDL program.

This road test is approximately 45 minutes. This will include the driver examiners pre-test instructions and summary of your results. You will be required to demonstrate the ability to operate your vehicle safely without supervision while interacting with other road users.

The vehicle for your road test must be in acceptable working condition and must have the following:

  • a valid licence plate and insurance
  • headlights, brake lights and signal lights
  • horn
  • speedometer
  • brakes/park brake
  • unobstructed windshield/wipers
  • tires are in good condition
  • driver and passenger doors
  • vehicle seats/seat belts
  • exhaust system/muffler
  • mirrors
  • enough fuel for a road test

The test will include identifying and operating your vehicle's controls. This includes:

  • handling the vehicle (steering, braking and speed control)
  • selecting the proper lane for turns
  • observing and obeying speed zones
  • determining right of way at intersections and while changing lanes
  • demonstrating knowledge and skill at intersections with and without sign and signal controls
  • interacting with other road users in a non-obstructive manner
  • parking – perpendicular, uphill or downhill parking, and parallel (drivers over 65 are not required to complete a parallel park)

For more information, please see Preparing for Your Road Test.

The advanced road test

The advanced road test determines whether a probationary driver has gained the necessary advanced driving skills and experience under challenging conditions to become a fully licensed driver. You will need to pass this test to exit the Graduated Licensing Program and be a full class 5 (non-GDL) driver.

This road test is approximately 60 minutes, including your driver examiner's pre-test instructions and summary of your results. The advanced road test will also include:

  • a variety of intersection types, including uncontrolled 'T' intersections
  • high speed roadways of 80 to 100 km/hr
  • merging on the highway, with acceleration and deceleration lanes
  • high volume traffic areas
  • parking – an angle or perpendicular park. The advanced test does include a parallel and hill park

Some common reasons for not passing the road tests

  • Exceeding the minimum number of points for errors.

Regardless of the number of points for errors, the following are some of the reasons for automatic failure:

  • Exceeding the speed limit or driving too fast for the conditions.
  • Failing to stop completely before proceeding through an intersection controlled by a stop sign, or before turning right on a red light.
  • Failing to yield the right of way at an intersection or during a lane change.
  • Obstructing traffic by driving too slowly or stopping unnecessarily.
  • Climbing over the curb while parking, or being unable to park legally in three attempts.
  • Failing to slow or observe adequately at uncontrolled intersections (you must be prepared to yield to drivers to your right).

When you pass a road test you must take the road test permit you purchased to do the test to a registry agent to ensure your driver's licence is updated. The road test permit is not a driver's licence.