We do not give out locations for hunting wild boar due to privacy issues.
A regulated pest
Wild boar refers to:
- Eurasian wild boar
- Hybrids of domestic pigs and Eurasian wild boar
- Wild or feral pigs
When not being raised as livestock, wild boar are considered to be ‘at large.’ In Alberta, wild boar are an invasive species and a provincially regulated agricultural pest when at large. They can damage property, agricultural crops, pastures and the environment, and are known to endanger people and animals.
Figure 1. Wild boar at large
Wild boar at large have been an issue since they began to escape from livestock operations in the 1980s and have continually reproduced. Wild boar are not native to Alberta; they came to the province in the 1980s and ‘90s as livestock. At the time, there were no requirements for secure containment. Over the years, some escaped and established feral (wild) populations.
How they survive
Wild boar are very adaptable. The wild boar in Alberta are typically the Eurasian type and have long dark hair and a woolly underfur that protects them from extreme cold. They build nests where they shelter during cold weather and are able to travel in deep snow to access food sources.
Wild boar prefer habitats that provide forest cover for hiding and resting, as well as access to food. During the summer months they can be found close to water sources where they can wallow to stay cool.
What they eat
Wild boar will eat just about any organic matter. They are omnivores, which means they will eat plants, insects, and other animals. They have a 'cartilaginous disc' on their snouts, which helps them dig and root extensively in search of insects and roots. They can use their very sharp tusks for rooting, as well as protection.
Impacts of wild boar at large
Wild boar at large are an invasive pest that can:
- damage property, agricultural crops, pastures and the environment, including through rooting (digging)
- endanger people and animals
- harass livestock and consume their feed, and prey on young livestock and wildlife
- spread diseases that could be transmitted to wildlife, livestock, pets and people (they are a known vector for African Swine Fever)
- alter the ecosystem, including through wallowing that can contaminate water supplies, promote erosion and destroy fish habitat
- compete with wildlife and destroy other sensitive natural habitats
- consume the eggs of ground-nesting birds
Recognizing signs of activity
Surveillance is key to eliminating the threat of invasive wild boar. You can help by learning to recognize signs of their activity, and reporting sightings of wild boar at large.
Report wild boar
If you see wild boar at large, or signs of wild boar activity:
- Safely take a picture.
- Note the location.
- Fill in our online reporting form: