The tenure system facilitates the leasing of Alberta’s pore space and petroleum and natural gas (PNG) rights. These rights enable companies to explore for and develop geothermal and PNG for the benefit of Albertans.
Tenure in Alberta provides a history of Crown mineral rights and the administration of Alberta's petroleum and natural gas mineral agreements.
PNG sales and crown land data
PNG agreements are acquired in 2 ways:
- Public offerings (or sales)
Sale of petroleum and natural gas rights are held and results are reported approximately every two weeks. The contents of the sale are determined by industry client requests. After each sale, Crown petroleum and natural gas rights are issued in the form of licences or leases to the highest bidder on each parcel.
- Direct purchase
There are 3 types of direct purchase:
- portions of land
- single substance
- complementing rights in an oil sands area
Alberta Energy and Minerals is now accepting applications for geothermal leases from companies interested in exploring for and developing geothermal resources. These applications are necessary for any stand-alone geothermal operations that would occur below the base of groundwater protection. For more information, see Submitting a tenure application.
Crown land data
Electronic business between the department and its’ clients would not be able to take place without Crown Land Data’s contributions. Applications for Electronic Transfer System (ETS) accounts must be emailed to Crown Land Data to request access for the types of electronic business companies wish to conduct with the department or if they need to conduct a search.
The verification of a request for the creation of Business Associate (BA) IDs is completed by this team so companies can access Petrinex as required for their business needs.
Crown Land Data provides password creation and maintenance for ETS and Petrinex clients.
Corporate changes are administered by Crown Land Data ensuring all systems within the department and other ministries are accurate and up to date. These include amalgamations, name changes and struck or revived statuses from the corporate registry. Address change requests must also be submitted for entry in the systems.
Companies may request access to data extracts which are provided for pick up through ETS
Companies may access various search functions through ETS. Crown Land Data is able to assist when there are questions or issues. Access to surface land standing and surface activity reports is available as well as mineral searches. The following search types are available:
By Land, Mineral Agreement, Crown Mineral Activity, Surface Activity, Unit, DRRZD/ZD, Restriction, Well Spacing, Agreement/Activity, Client ID and Land by Client ID.
Crown agreement management
The Crown attaches several expectations to the licences and leases issued:
Annual rent – annual rent of $3.50 per hectare must be paid for each hectare contained within a PNG lease or licence and a geothermal lease.
The interest in an agreement can be transferred to a registered corporation or to an individual over the age of 18 years completely, partially or a change in the Designated Representative can be made.
Encumbrances or liens – these may be registered against a mineral agreement as follows:
A Prompt Payment and Construction Lien* must be submitted using the Electronic Transfer System (ETS). The lien may be registered against Crown agreements pursuant to the Prompt Payment and Construction Lien Act. The lien will expire within 180 days from the date of registration unless legal action is commenced and a Certificate of Lis Pendens is filed in respect of the lien. A Certificate of Lis Pendens indicates that proceedings have commenced in Court in relation to the Prompt Payment and Construction Lien, this also must be submitted in the ETS. More information can be found under registration of encumbrances in ETS support and online learning.
Security Notices* must be submitted using the Electronic Transfer System (ETS), financial institutions or individuals may register security notices against Crown agreements. The agreement is used as collateral for the debt owing.
*Alberta Energy and Minerals receives court orders manually directing the ministry to register a transfer and discharge a Prompt Payment and Construction Lien or a Security Notice.
Activities which may occur any time in the life of the Crown mineral agreement include:
- Surrender – The holder of an agreement may surrender all or part of an agreement upon request to Alberta Energy and Minerals. Surrendered rights are returned to the land bank for future sale.
- Reinstatement – Reinstatement of an agreement that is no longer active, may be requested within 60 days from the date of cancellation.
- Indebtedness – Alberta Energy and Minerals serves a notice if the holder of an agreement does not pay royalties or annual rental. If payment is not made the agreement may be cancelled and the rights returned to the land bank for future sale.
Continuation and validation
Licence validation and agreement continuation is required in order to continue to hold mineral rights within the Province of Alberta. There are 3 key components:
- Validation of initial term licence – A petroleum and natural gas licence has an initial term of 2, 4, or 5 years, depending on the region of the province in which the agreement is located. Rights in an initial term licence are validated by drilling a well on the licence or by using sections earned by other validating wells on licences that meet established criteria. The area and sections earned depends on depth drilled and geological zones evaluated. Once validated, rights are continued into a 5 year intermediate term.
- Continuation of intermediate term licence or lease – An agreement holder must prove the petroleum and natural gas in the agreement to be productive to continue the mineral rights indefinitely after the 5 year term of a primary lease or intermediate licence expires.
- Notice of Non-Productivity – Alberta Energy and Minerals routinely monitors agreements continued indefinitely to ensure mineral rights remain productive. If there is no longer a valid basis for continuation, Alberta Energy and Minerals may serve a notice requiring the lessee to prove the rights productive.
An intermediate or continued term is required to hold geothermal rights within the Province of Alberta. There are 3 key components:
- Initial to Intermediate Term – An agreement holder must prove potential productivity for the geothermal lease to enter into a 5 year intermediate term.
- Continuation of intermediate term – An agreement holder must prove the geothermal lease productive to continue the lease indefinitely.
- Notice of Non-Productivity – Alberta Energy and Minerals routinely monitors agreements continued indefinitely to ensure the geothermal rights remain productive. If there is no longer a valid basis for continuation, Alberta Energy and Minerals may serve a one year non-productivity notice requiring the lessee to prove the rights productive.
Alberta Energy and Minerals analyzes zone issues that may arise in petroleum and natural gas agreements and geothermal leases to ensure the rights held by either the lessee or the Crown are correctly recorded. When a change is needed, and agreement is amended to ensure accurate zone identification which is critical to Tenure business such as the posting, sale and continuation of Crown rights, linking wells, serving offsets and identifying trespass. An incorrect zone description can also cause errors in royalty and freehold mineral tax collection.
Agreement Management, PNG Continuation and Geothermal sections within the ETS Support and Online Learning Portal will assist your company to complete and submit applications or requests via the ETS, amend an application, respond to an offer or notice, and to retrieve final documents. These sections also provide information on other frequent activities such as how to use the ETS to provide authorizations, submit PNG Third Party Requests for non-productivity reviews or request an agreement reinstatement.
This Tenure team ensures all wells licensed by the Alberta Energy Regulator and/or put on production have the corresponding petroleum and natural gas or oil sands rights. These wells are tied to the correct agreement to enable the accurate collection of royalty. In addition, the department ensures correlating rights are held for geothermal and carbon sequestration wells that are licensed and/or placed on active statuses.
Crown mineral activity
This Tenure team grants authorizations for activities in undisposed Crown mineral rights. This also involves authorization to a company for the purpose of re-entering an existing wellbore and linking wells to existing Crown agreements.
The department negotiates a variety of unit-type agreements, which includes Commercial Gas Storage Unit Agreements to ensure the Crown and the freeholder receive their fair share of royalty.
This Tenure team monitors any unauthorized activities within undisposed Crown rights and rights within road allowances. Trespass on Crown minerals is a serious offence which may result in a penalty of $50,000.
Offsets team ensures Crown lands are not being drained by freehold wells without compensation. The department also bills and collects the compensation payments.
ETS Support and Online Learning provides more information on Crown Equity’s forms, trainings, presentations, and guides.
Connect with the Petroleum and Natural Gas Tenure division:
Energy and Minerals
Bidding – [email protected]
Crown land data – [email protected]
Gas royalty – [email protected]
Oil royalty – [email protected]
PNG continuations – [email protected]
Geothermal – [email protected]
Postings – [email protected]
Rentals – [email protected]
Transfers – [email protected]
Unit agreements – [email protected]
Well administration – [email protected]
Crown Mineral Activity – [email protected]
Environment and Protected Areas
GLIMPS – [email protected]
Alberta Energy and Minerals
Petroleum and Natural Gas Tenure
North Petroleum Plaza
9945 108 Street*
Edmonton, Alberta T5K 2G6
*Couriers report to the 2nd floor.
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