As descendants of the original inhabitants of Canada, the Métis evolved into a new and distinct Indigenous entity. The Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes the Métis as one of 3 distinct Indigenous peoples of Canada, along with First Nations and Inuit.
The Métis have a rich history and have played a significant role in the early development of Western Canada.
- Brief summary of key dates in Alberta Métis history.
- Brief history of the Métis.
- Alberta has the largest Métis population in the country with over 114,000 Métis people living in the province.
- Alberta is the only province in Canada with a recognized Métis land base entrenched in provincial statute – the Metis Settlements.
- Approximately 5,000 people live on the eight Metis Settlements, which cover a land base of 1.25 million acres.
Métis organizations in Alberta
The Government of Alberta has had a long and positive relationship with Métis communities in the province. These communities have played an important role in Alberta’s history, society and economy.
We work with Métis communities and organizations on many initiatives supporting the shared goal of building strong, vibrant and sustainable communities.
We work closely with the two main organizations that represent Métis people in Alberta:
The Government of Alberta does not issue membership cards to the Métis organizations. Membership questions should be forwarded to the respective groups directly.
Métis identification and membership
The Government of Alberta does not issue MNA membership cards or determine Métis identity.
The MNA manages the membership reporting system for Métis people wishing to join the MNA.
The definition for membership in the MNA is set out in the society’s bylaws.
The MNA has the Métis Identification and Registry and a Genealogy Resource Centre at its head office in Edmonton. It helps people who are researching Métis family ancestry and aids in MNA membership research.
Legislation and Agreements
- Constitution of Alberta Amendment Act, 1990
- Metis Settlements Act
- Metis Settlements Land Protection Act
- Metis Settlements Accord Implementation Act
To connect with Indigenous Relations:
Search in the Government of Alberta organizational directory for individual ministry staff members in all regions of the province.
Address for mail/courier:
19th Floor, Commerce Place
10155 102 Street NW
Edmonton, Alberta T5J 4G8