The ministry of Justice and Solicitor General is responsible for policing and policing standards in Alberta. Indigenous communities are policed by the RCMP Provincial Police Service unless another arrangement is made under Section Five of the Police Act. There are a number of Indigenous communities that have made other policing arrangements through agreements with the province and Canada—either through a Tripartite Agreement (TA) or a Community Tripartite Agreement (CTA).
What is a Tripartite Agreement
- An agreement between Canada, Alberta, and the Indigenous communities permitting the creation of a First Nations police service operating only on their Nation.
- Cost of policing under the TA is shared by Canada (52%) and Alberta (48%), subject to the availability of funds through the budget.
The following Indigenous communities have a Tripartite Policing Agreement:
- Blood Tribe Police Service (1989)
- Lakeshore Regional Police Service (2009)
- Tsuu T’ina Nation Police Service (1995)
What is a Community Tripartite Policing Agreement
- An agreement between Canada, Alberta and the First Nations for the provision of dedicated RCMP member(s) who will devote 100% of their working hours to the policing needs of the First Nation.
- Cost of policing under the CTA is shared by Canada (52%) and Alberta (48%), subject to the availability of funds through the budget.
There are 57 RCMP members located strategically in Alberta at 21 Indigenous communities with First Nations agreements as follows:
- Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation
- Bigstone Cree Nation
- Duncan's First Nation
- Enoch Cree Nation
- Ermineskin Cree Nation
- Little Red River Cree Nation
- Louis Bull Tribe
- Montana First Nation
- O'Chiese First Nation
- Onion Lake Cree Nation
- Piikani Nation
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation
- Samson Cree Nation
- Siksika Nation
- Stoney Nakoda (Eden Valley) First Nation
- Stoney Nakoda (Morley) First Nation
- Sturgeon Lake Cree Nation
- Sunchild First Nation
- Tallcree Tribal Government
- Whitefish Lake #128. First Nation
- Woodland Cree First Nation