The 2021 grasshopper forecast map is based on adult grasshoppers counts conducted in August 2020 by Agriculture Fieldmen across the province. Alberta Agriculture and Forestry acknowledges the continued commitment and support of the Agriculture Fieldmen across the province in conducting the surveys essential to the creation of this forecast.
The adult grasshopper counts give an indication of the number of individuals capable of reproduction and egg laying. Environmental factors can result in higher or lower actual populations than forecast. Individual producers need to be aware of the potential risks in their area and monitor fields accordingly and then make the appropriate decisions if control measures are required.
For information on identification, life cycle, damage and pest management, see Grasshopper – Overview.
Peace River Region and Central Alberta
Surveyors were hard pressed to find grasshoppers in the Peace and northern portions of central Alberta in August of 2020. Melanoplus bruneri (Bruner’s spur-throat grasshopper) wasn’t recognized as a pest until very recently and this species has been documented as having a biennial lifecycle. This biennial lifecycle has a profound its impact on grasshopper forecasts. To view previous year forecasts see: Historical grasshopper population maps. The grasshopper forecast for a particular year is based on the grasshopper count from the previous August. If the grasshopper population in the Peace River Region and northern central Alberta is following a biennial cycle then the grasshopper counts from 2019 indicate that 2020 will be a low grasshopper year followed by a higher population in 2021 and that 2022 will be a low year.
In southern Alberta, dry summers are resulting in increasing grasshopper numbers. This is especially true in the M.D. of Acadia, Vulcan, Willow Creek, Lethbridge, Cardston, and Forty Mile counties. The grasshopper species found in southern Alberta are a blend of Melanoplus bivitattus, M. packardi, M. sanguinipes and Camnula pellucida. The rest of the province shows light to no grasshopper populations.
Portions of southern Alberta indicating moderate to severe risk could experience problems with grasshoppers if environmental conditions favour grasshopper hatching and development in late May through June. Localized factors such as light soils or south-facing slopes result in an elevated risk of grasshopper infestations. Conditions in late spring 2021 will determine the extent of the grasshopper problems later this growing season. Infestation levels in individual fields are NOT indicated in this forecast map.
2021 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 1.3 MB)
On individual farms, particular attention should be paid to areas that traditionally have higher grasshopper populations. In addition, grasshoppers tend to lay their eggs near areas of green growth in the fall that will provide potential food sources for emerging young the following spring. Areas with early green plant growth such as field margins, fence-lines and roadsides are also areas that will give early indications of potential grasshopper problems.
If insecticides are needed, note label precautions regarding user safety and proper application techniques and instructions to reduce impacts on non-target organisms. It is important to remember that control measures are intended to protect the crops from economic damage and are never successful in totally eliminating grasshopper populations.
Thank you to Jan Lepp for the data management for this survey. Thank you David Giffen, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon for building the map.
Historical population maps
- 2020 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 2.0 KB)
- 2019 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 659 KB)
- 2018 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 746 KB)
- 2017 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 1.3 MB)
- 2016 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 784 KB)
- 2015 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 1.3 MB)
- 2014 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 2.0 MB)
- 2013 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 6.1 MB)
- 2012 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 177 KB)
- 2011 Grasshopper Forecast Map (PDF, 2.5 MB)
- 2010 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 1 MB)
- 2009 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 257 KB)
- 2008 Grasshopper Forecast Map (JPG, 1 MB)