Alberta Cannabis Framework and legislation
Our framework and legislation set the stage for the legal and responsible use of cannabis by Albertans.
Minimum ageThe minimum age for cannabis will be aligned with Alberta's legal drinking and smoking age.
Safeguards for salesThe AGLC will manage wholesale and distribution. Licensed growers will be strictly regulated by the federal government.
Buying cannabisPrivately run cannabis stores will sell cannabis and accessories under strict regulations. The AGLC will operate online sales.
Consuming cannabisSmoking and vaping will be restricted in areas frequented by kids, and in other public places where smoking is prohibited.
Growing cannabisAlbertans will be able to grow up to 4 plants per household.
Possessing cannabisAdults can possess up to 30 grams of legally produced cannabis in public. Those under 18 can't possess, purchase or use cannabis.
Drug-impaired drivingCannabis consumption will not be allowed in vehicles. Penalties will be the same as alcohol-impaired driving.
Impairment in workplacesAlberta is reviewing all existing regulations and programs to ensure rules continue to address impairment risk.
Advertising and packagingFederal restrictions to be placed on advertising and promotion of cannabis, particularly to minors.
The Alberta Cannabis Framework outlines what Albertans can expect when cannabis becomes legal on October 17, 2018.
After months of engagement with Albertans, stakeholders and partners, extensive research of other jurisdictions, and consideration of our existing liquor and tobacco laws, the framework sets the stage for the responsible use of cannabis in Alberta.
Aspects of this framework have been implemented through various pieces of legislation introduced during fall 2017 and spring 2018, including substantive changes to the Gaming and Liquor Act that address oversight, distribution and licensing for non-medical cannabis. To properly reflect this, the amendments include renaming the act to the Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act.
Introduced fall 2017:
- Bill 26: An Act to Control and Regulate Cannabis was introduced Nov 16, 2017 and passed Nov 30, 2017. This legislation gives the AGLC authority for oversight, compliance and retail licensing, enables online sales, and creates restrictions on youth possession and public consumption.
- Bill 29: An Act to Reduce Cannabis and Alcohol Impaired Driving was introduced Nov 14, 2017 and passed Nov 29, 2017. This legislation supports provincial efforts to address drug-impaired driving and establish zero tolerance for those on graduated licences.
Established winter 2018:
- Support regulations about the sale of cannabis, including licensing criteria and other rules for private retailers.
Introduced spring 2018:
- Bill 6: Gaming and Liquor Statutes Amendment Act was introduced on April 9, 2018 and passed on May 30, 2018. It provides the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC) the tools necessary to oversee and enforce Alberta's cannabis market.
Fact sheet: The Future of Cannabis in Alberta (PDF, 121 KB)
Alberta has set the minimum age for purchase and consumption of cannabis at 18.
This is in line with Alberta’s minimum age for purchasing and consuming alcohol and tobacco, as well as the federal government’s proposed minimum age for legal cannabis.
Setting a minimum age of 18 will help balance the health risks to youth with the need to eliminate their interaction with a sophisticated and potentially dangerous illicit market.
A strong focus on public education will be an important tool to encourage responsible use and create awareness of cannabis’s impact on health.
Safeguards for cannabis sales
Albertans of legal age will be able to purchase cannabis products from retailers that will receive their products from the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC).
The distribution system will be similar to the system Alberta currently has in place for alcohol.
Government-regulated distribution will ensure a level playing field for large and craft producers, and prevents small communities from being penalized for delivery costs by making sure product is shipped at the same price no matter where it’s going.
All physical retail locations will have strict government oversight through licensing by the AGLC. The AGLC will be able to set terms and conditions on licences, as well as inspect licensees and address any violations. This will help ensure private cannabis retailers operate responsibly and lawfully.
Licensed retail establishments will be the only stores that can sell cannabis, and will not be able to sell cannabis if they sell alcohol, tobacco or pharmaceuticals.
Legislation will help keep cannabis out of the hands of young people by requiring purchasers to show ID if they appear under to be 25, not allowing minors to purchase cannabis or be on licensed premises.
Provincial regulations establish who can own and operate a cannabis retailer. This includes:
- mandatory background checks for potential retailers and workers
- no licenses for applicants linked to organized crime, illegal drug trade or with convictions related to offenses such as drug trafficking or violence
- renewal of retail licenses required at least once every 2 years
- limiting licenses for any single person, business or organization at 15%
- the AGLC will limit licenses each year based on existing licenses issued the previous year
- allows smaller retailers to enter the market
- review of system in 5 years
Staff who work at cannabis retail outlets will have to be at least 18 years of age, undergo a background check and complete mandatory AGLC training through a program called Sell Safe. This 4-6 hour course is similar to what employees in the gaming and liquor sectors must complete.
Additionally, the regulations establish where private cannabis retail can be located. A 100 meter buffer between cannabis retailers and schools and provincial health care facilities will help keep cannabis out of the hands of children and protect public health. Municipalities will also have the ability to will have the ability to set buffers to suit their communities.
Cannabis retailers may be open from 10 a.m. to 2 a.m., the same as liquor stores. They will subject to extensive security requirements.
Telephone town hall
Potential cannabis retailers participated in a telephone town hall on Thursday, Feb. 22 to learn more about the licensing process and retail requirements.
Albertans will have two options for purchasing recreational cannabis:
Physical retail locations will be subject to government regulations and the terms of licenses granted by the AGLC, including the aforementioned details.
Consumers will be limited to 30 grams of cannabis per transaction, which is also the legal public possession limit. Consumer education will be embedded in the retail of cannabis, and retail outlets will display point-of-purchase signage and other materials to educate customers about making responsible choices about cannabis.
Online sales and home delivery will only be available through a single website operated by the AGLC at albertacannabis.org. No other online sales or delivery will be permitted. This is in response to concerns raised by Albertans about the need for strict control over age verification processes during the initial sale and at time of delivery. It will also give Albertans confidence in their purchases, as there will be a single online source for recreational cannabis.
Though cannabis cafes and lounges will not be permitted on October 17, 2018, the legislation also gives the authority to regulate these forms of establishments should government decide to allow them at a later date.
Alberta will collect revenue on the sale of cannabis when it is legalized in 2018.
The federal and provincial governments agreed to a common set of principles that would cover the first 2 years of legalization. These principles focus on coordinating cannabis taxation and revenue, and keeping cannabis prices low to curtail the illegal market.
Under these principles, tax room of $1 per gram or 10% of the producer price, whichever is greater, will be shared between federal and provincial governments.
The provinces will receive 75% of this tax room, and can also collect an additional tax, or equivalent, of up to 10% of the retail price.
Alberta agrees to have the federal government use the federal excise tax to collect the following amounts on the province’s behalf:
- The province’s share of the agreed-upon tax room, which is the greater of 75 cents per gram or 7.5% of the producer price;
- An additional amount equivalent to 10% of the retail price, similar to what will be applied in other provinces. This amount will be collected at the licensed producer level.
Albertans will be allowed to consume cannabis in their homes and in some public spaces where smoking tobacco is allowed, but use will be banned in cars.
In an effort to protect children and limit second-hand exposure, public smoking or vaping of cannabis in Alberta will be prohibited from any place where tobacco is restricted, and in the following places:
- on any hospital property, school property or child care facility property
- in or within a prescribed distance from:
- a playground
- a sports or playing field
- a skateboard or bicycle park
- a zoo
- an outdoor theatre
- an outdoor pool or splash pad
- from any motor vehicles, with the exception of those being used as a temporary residences, such as a parked RV
There will also be no consumption of cannabis at any cannabis retail outlets.
Legislation will establish provincial offenses for public consumption infractions and consumption of cannabis in vehicles.
Municipalities may create additional restrictions on public consumption using their existing authorities. Albertans are encouraged to know their local rules before consuming.
- Tobacco and Smoking Reduction Act (Section 3)
Under the federal legislation, adults will be able to grow up to 4 plants per household from seeds purchased from licensed cannabis retailers.
Renters, condo-dwellers and those who live in multi-family dwellings may be restricted from growing cannabis in their homes based on rules established in rental agreements or condominium bylaws. Government will work to educate landlords, renters and condo boards on the options available to them.
- Information for tenants (PDF, 388 KB)
- Information for landlords (PDF, 489 KB)
- Information for condo owners (PDF, 579 KB)
- Information for mobile home site renters (PDF, 396 KB)
In Alberta, adults over 18 will be allowed to possess up to 30 grams of cannabis in a public place, which aligns with the federal government's possession limit for adults.
When transporting cannabis in a vehicle, it must be secured in closed packaging and not within reach of the driver or occupants.
Young people — those under the legal age of 18 — will not be allowed to purchase or possess any cannabis.
This zero tolerance approach means that youth who possess more than 5 grams of cannabis will continue to be subject to criminal charges under the federal legislation.
Youth who possess 5 grams or less will not be subject to criminal charges (which could negatively impact their future), but will be subject to seizure of the cannabis, notification of parents or guardians, and penalties similar to those for underage possession of alcohol or tobacco.
Driving while impaired, whether by alcohol or cannabis or other drugs, is a serious crime and puts the safety of everyone at risk.
Amendments to the Traffic Safety Act will provide additional tools to address all forms of impaired driving.
Education will also continue to be a critical part of our strategy to address drug-impaired driving.
Government will create more public awareness about the risks of using cannabis and getting behind the wheel, and will inform Albertans that drug-impaired driving is still impaired driving, with the same consequences as driving while impaired by alcohol.
Impairment in workplaces
Workers who are impaired on the job – whether by alcohol or drugs – are a danger to their coworkers and themselves.
Alberta already has rules and programs in place to address impairment on the job and keep workers safe, but we are exploring options to better address all forms of impairment in the workplace, and will continue to work with employers, labour groups and workers to ensure the rules continue to address impairment issues.
This may include developing additional regulations, education or training programs.
Advertising and packaging cannabis
The federal government has created strict rules about advertising, labelling and packaging cannabis.
This includes no promotion, packaging or labelling of cannabis that could be considered appealing to young people, and ensuring that important product information is clearly presented to consumers.
Restrictions on cannabis advertising and packaging will generally mirror what is in place today for tobacco. Advertising will be restricted to locations where there are no minors, and there will be limits on displays and in-store promotion.
Alberta will establish additional rules as needed to address any issues or gaps in policies should they arise.