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Update on Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in Alberta
The Avian Influenza Risk Level in Alberta has recently been changed to RED. More information on Alberta's situation.
There is an extremely low risk to human health and no risk to food safety. While some strains have the potential to infect humans, previous cases of avian influenza in people have involved close contact with infected birds or heavily contaminated environments.
There is no effective vaccine or cure for this disease, which can be spread to farmed flocks during wild bird migratory season. Biosecurity is essential for protecting your flocks and preventing the disease’s spread. More information on reducing the risk of HPAI can be found at Avian influenza in domestic birds.
HPAI is a reportable disease, so if you suspect or confirm a case in your flock, you must report it to:
- the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
Email: [email protected]
- or the Office of the Chief Provincial Veterinarian.
The CFIA is leading the investigation and response.
The CFIA is a public service primarily responsible for protecting and promoting Canada’s animal, plant and food industries. The CFIA, CCA and the provincial cattle organizations, in consultation with beef cattle producers, have developed the Canadian Beef Cattle On-Farm Biosecurity Standard. The Standard was designed specifically for the Canadian beef cattle industry and is applicable to operations of all types and sizes.
LIS is an industry owned not-for-profit company that has been delegated to administer the Livestock Identification and Commerce Act (LICA).
The ABMVA and AB Beef Producers developed a biosecurity information brochure (PDF, 1.5 MB) for the beef industry. The Effective Biosecurity for Cattle Producers (PDF, 1.1 MB) brochure highlights that effective biosecurity programs are based on risk assessments done with the herd veterinarian and limit the impact of disease.
The CCA and CFIA, with support from Growing Forward 2, developed the National Cervid Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard. The Standard supports a nationally consistent approach to managing infectious diseases in the cervid industry. It provides guidelines and recommendations to assist cervid producers in minimizing infectious disease risks and in developing farm-specific biosecurity plans. It is a resource to create awareness, to educate, to provide a common understanding of biosecurity practices and to serve as a guide for continuous industry improvement.
The CFIA in collaboration with the Dairy Farmers of Canada developed Biosecurity for Canadian Dairy Farms: National Standard. This standard lays out a set of risk management practices that are intended to address infectious diseases on all types and sizes of dairy production operations in Canada. It lists a set of principles and strategies that should be considered whenever possible by owners, managers, and farm workers when developing a farm-specific biosecurity plan.
The CFIA has also developed general biosecurity guidelines for dairy herds.
The CFIA and CNGF with support from Growing Forward developed the National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for the Goat Industry. The Standard identifies areas of the farm or farm practices for producers to consider when developing biosecurity plans for their goat operations. Identifying the possible risks of the introduction of infectious agents to the farm and the practical methods to limiting those risks is key to creating a biosecurity plan.
The ABVMA and AGBA have developed the Biosecurity Best Practices Pocket Guide for Alberta Goat Breeders (PDF, 1.2 MB). Topics contained in this pocket guide include how to conduct disease risk assessments and implement risk management strategies. It also presents a summary of key practical recommendations for effective biosecurity programs.
The CFIA, CHC and CAPA, in partnership with provincial apiarist and with the support of Growing Forward, developed the National Bee Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard. The National Standard has been developed as a tool for all people and businesses handling and keeping bees, including honey bees, alfalfa leafcutting bees, and bumblebees. For each sector, a producer guide provides detailed information on how to meet target outcomes described in the National Standard.
The CFIA and Equine Canada with support from Growing Forward 2 developed the National Farm and Facility Level Biosecurity Standard for the Equine Sector. The Standard contains guidelines and recommendations to benefit horse owners and custodians in protecting their horses from contagious diseases. The Standard identifies “what” biosecurity objectives should be achieved and “why” they are important.
The ABVMA and AEF have developed the Equine Biosecurity Principles and Best Practices manual. This comprehensive manual covers diverse topics of horse biosecurity including how to conduct disease risk assessment to identify where and which biosecurity measures can be implemented. Biosecurity measures are divided into access management practices, animal health management practices and operational management practices. See also AEF – Biosecurity.
Equine Guelph is the Centre at the University of Guelph (not-for-profit) serving the horse and its industry through education, research, healthcare promotion and industry development. The centre has developed the fact sheet, Biosecurity for Horse Owners (PDF, 382 KB).
The department posts resources and information on best husbandry practices, regulations, and disease prevention tips for backyard and urban chicken owners. This includes the fact sheet, Avian influenza and small-flock poultry.
The CFIA developed the National Avian On-Farm Biosecurity Standard as a tool for all people and businesses handling and keeping poultry, including large-scale supply-managed producers, backyard flock owners and other domestic bird keepers. The Standard forms the basis of a comprehensive voluntary program designed to provide guidance for owners or managers in all the poultry sectors in Canada. The CFIA has developed a number of resources on avian diseases, sources of avian diseases and biosecurity principles for avian producers and backyard flock owners.
The ABVMA and ACP have developed a Biosecurity brochure (PDF, 865 KB) and Biosecurity poster (PDF, 1.3 MB) for the broiler industry reminding chicken producers that “What’s inside stays in, what’s outside stays out”.
The ABVMA and the AB Hatching Egg Producers have developed a Biosecurity: Beyond the Basics (PDF, 491 KB) fact sheet emphasizing how enhanced biosecurity protocols become necessary when a disease threat is identified.
The ABVMA, North Central Alberta Poultry Association, and Canadian Heritage Breeds have developed the biosecurity brochure: Keeping Small Flocks Healthy (PDF, 851 KB). The brochure highlights the importance of completing a disease risk assessment and provides practical practices for a balanced biosecurity program.
The University of Alberta strives to advance the poultry industry through research and education. They have produced a series of videos that describe the principles of poultry biosecurity.
OMAFRA provides information resources for commercial poultry producers on some major poultry infectious diseases, sources of infections as well as some major components of a successful biosecurity program.
The BC Ministry of Agriculture produced the BC Poultry Biosecurity Reference Guide (PDF, 3.0 MB) as an information resource to assist poultry producers in developing biosecurity plans for their farming operations. The guide includes information on legislative requirements, details about biosecurity practices, a glossary of terms and sources for further information.
The Small Flock Poultry Health Manual (PDF, 4.3 MB) produced by the BC Ministry of Agriculture provides a general description of management and health for keeping poultry, especially for small producers and hobby flock owners. The manual covers all elements of poultry production including housing and management, basics of poultry diseases, disease prevention and control, and food safety.
The CFIA and CSF with support from Growing Forward developed the National Sheep On-Farm Biosecurity Standard (PDF, 781 KB). The Standard provides the framework and scope for biosecurity planning in the sheep sector in Canada by establishing a minimum set of biosecurity standards that can be used by sheep producers in all producing regions. It is intended to assist sheep producers in developing biosecurity plans for their specific farm operations, to serve as a guide for continuous improvement, and to encourage a higher level of care.
The ABVMA and AB Lamb Producers produced Biosecurity Principles and Best Practices for Alberta Lamb Producers (PDF, 4.0 MB). This guide was developed specifically for sheep producers and livestock operators in AB to help support their efforts to increase the safety and security of their sheep flocks and their families. The booklet is a valuable resource to educate producers of the importance, principles and practices of disease prevention and control specific to the lambing industry.
Alberta Pork provides information and resources on farm biosecurity.
Canadian Swine Health Board (CSHB)
The CSHB has developed biosecurity and best management practices for the Canadian hog industry: National Swine Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard.
A national voice for hog producers in Canada, this organization is a federation of provincial pork industry associations. The CPC posts biosecurity resources including basic on-farm biosecurity principles and guidance on disinfecting clothing, footwear and other items.
The CFIA has developed biosecurity principles for swine producers.
OMAFRA is responsible for the food, agriculture and rural sectors of the Canadian province of Ontario. The OMAFRA has developed a biosecurity checklist that may be used to assess the strength of a particular producer's biosecurity program.
The centre provides information and resources on biosecurity for the hog production industry.
The OIE has published Good Practices for Biosecurity in the Pig Sector (PDF, 441 KB). This guide covers issues and options in developing and transition countries.
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