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The Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act defends Alberta’s interests by giving our province a legal framework to push back on federal laws or policies that negatively impact the province.
The act will be used to address federal legislation and policies that are unconstitutional, violate Albertans’ charter rights or that affect or interfere with our provincial constitutional rights.
The act gives Alberta a democratic legislative framework for defending the federal-provincial division of powers while respecting Canada's Constitution and the courts.
What the act does
The Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act will only be used when Alberta’s legislative assembly debates and passes a motion that identifies a specific federal program or piece of legislation as unconstitutional or causing harm to Albertans.
Government will ensure all constitutional and legal requirements are met before steps are taken to respond. Government will respect court decisions if a response is challenged successfully in court.
What the act doesn't do
The Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act:
- will not allow Alberta to defy Canada’s Constitution
- will not allow Alberta to separate from Canada
- will not allow cabinet to issue unconstitutional orders-in-council, including giving instructions that are outside of provincial jurisdiction to provincial entities
- will not allow cabinet to give instructions to private individuals or corporations that aren’t provincial entities, to violate federal law
How the act will be used
- Motion for resolution
- Debate and vote
- Legal review
- Preparation of legislation
- Cabinet direction
- Orders and regulations
*This process timeline is for illustrative purposes only.
The Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act took effect when it received royal assent on December 15, 2022. It will only be used in specific matters of federal overreach or harmful laws and policies according to the process outlined above.
- Defending Albertans from Ottawa overreach (November 29, 2022)
- Using the Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act (November 30, 2022)
- Proposed amendments to Bill 1 (December 6, 2022)
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