Once passed, the Alberta Firearms Act will strengthen Alberta’s ability to regulate, administer, and advocate on behalf of firearms owners.

The act will clarify the role of the Chief Firearms Officer (CFO) within provincial legislation to provide the CFO with a stronger, clearer role and require the CFO to issue an annual report in order to enhance public accountability.

“Once passed, the Alberta Firearms Act will be the most comprehensive provincial firearms framework in the country. By establishing in legislation the role of Alberta Chief Firearms Officer, this legislation will elevate the responsibilities and legal mandate of the office to the fullest extent of the law. Alberta stands unequivocally with hunters, farmers, sport shooters, and Indigenous peoples, all of whom understand the importance of responsible firearm ownership to Alberta’s heritage and culture.”

Tyler Shandro, Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Alberta Firearms Act introduced

The act will also introduce the ability to make regulations that would allow for the licensing of seizure agents; develop a Firearms Compensation Committee to set out Alberta’s expectation that owners receive fair compensation for their firearm; the creation of requirements for forensic and ballistic testing of all confiscated firearms when deemed necessary; and the requirement that municipalities and municipal police services meet regulatory requirements before entering into any firearms-related funding agreements with the federal government.

“An Alberta Firearms Act will provide stronger support to the law-abiding firearms community whose activities are essential to the economic vibrancy and cultural heritage of our province.”

Teri Bryant, chief firearms officer

“As the owner one of over 650 firearms businesses in Alberta I am happy to see the Alberta government stepping in and standing up for legal firearms owners. I believe an Alberta Firearms Act is a sorely needed piece of legislation to provide clarity on firearm use and ownership for our diverse community of hunters, farmers and sport shooters.”

J.R. Cox, CEO, The Edge Group

“The Alberta Hunter Education Instructors Association (AHEIA) is happy to see the Alberta Government taking a positive stand for our hunting community. Hunters make up a treasured part of our provinces culture and it is important that these traditions can continue for generations to come. As an educator and a hunter, I applaud the Alberta Government’s work to ensure that responsible, law-abiding firearms owners can continue to use their tools to provide for their loved ones and for all those who benefit from their harvest. Additionally, AHEIA and the Alberta Government working together to provide the best firearms education programs available, contributes to safer streets and safer communities and we are proud to collaborate in this cause!”

Robert Gruszecki, president, The Alberta Hunter Education Instructors’ Association

Quick facts

  • The Alberta Firearms Act builds upon steps taken in Bill 211, Municipal Government (Firearms) Amendment Act, 2020 which amended the Municipal Government Act to prevent municipalities from passing firearms bylaws unless authorized by the province.

  • British Columbia and Québec both have legislation that regulates firearms outside of wildlife and hunting legislation. Saskatchewan recently introduced legislation to regulate firearms.

  • There are 341,988 possession/acquisition licence holders in Alberta.

  • Albertans own the second highest number of firearms classified as restricted or prohibited by the federal government.

  • There are 127 approved shooting ranges and more than 650 firearms related businesses in Alberta.

  • On average, an additional 30,000 Albertans complete mandatory firearms safety course training annually, as a first step to obtaining their firearms licence. In 2021, that number jumped to 38,000, indicating a significant upward trend in legal gun ownership in the province.