Agriculture and Forestry is committed to honouring Alberta's domestic and international trade obligations. The Department is actively engaged in ongoing trade related negotiations related to natural resources.

Agriculture and Forestry's interests are represented and protected in key federal and provincial programs and initiatives led through the Alberta ministries of:

  • Jobs, Economy and Innovation
  • Treasury Board and Finance
  • Labour

U.S. - Canada Softwood Lumber Trade Dispute

The U.S. is Alberta's largest market for softwood lumber products; and because of the importance of forestry to Alberta's economy, a stable trading relationship is essential. The 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement expired on October 12, 2015 and on November 25, 2016, the U.S. softwood lumber industry filed petitions with the U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. International Trade Commission requesting the initiation of countervailing, anti-dumping and injury investigations into imports of certain softwood lumber products from Canada.

Final Countervailing Duty Orders (CVD) and Anti-Dumping Duty Orders (AD) were issued January 3, 2018.

Each year, during the anniversary month of the publication of an AD or CVD order, an interested party may request that the U.S. Department of commerce conduct an administrative review of the order. The outcome of this review determines the actual weighted-average margin and duty assessments for shipments during the period of review and the future cash deposit rate until the next administrative review.

The U.S. Department of Commerce investigates provincial, territorial and federal assistance programs, which the U.S. industry alleges have benefited Canadian companies. Implicated provinces and territories involved in the administrative review, are required to respond to questionnaires regarding assistance.

Second Administrative Review

Requests for administrative reviews must be received by the U.S. Department of Commerce by the last day of the anniversary month of the publication of the AD or CVD order - January 2020. The U.S. Department of Commerce will select mandatory respondents for the second AD and CVD administrative reviews from among the companies subject to those reviews.

The Period of Review for both the countervailing duty second administrative review and the anti-dumping second administrative review is January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.

Unlike the initial investigation, no action with respect to the collection of cash deposits is required at the preliminary results of the review. Cash deposit instructions will be issued upon publication of the final results in the U.S. Federal Register, expected in August 2021.

First Administrative Review

For both the AD and CVD AR1, the U.S. Department of Commerce selected Canfor, Resolute and West Fraser as mandatory respondents. For CVD AR1, the U.S. Department of Commerce also selected JD Irving, Ltd. as a voluntary respondent.

The Period of Review for the countervailing duty first administrative review was April 28, 2017 to December 31, 2018. The Period of Review for the anti-dumping first administrative review was June 30, 2017 to December 31, 2018.

Final results for the first administrative review can be expected August 2020.

Companies that participated in the first administrative review (AR1) will continue to keep the cash deposit rates established in the original investigation until the final results of AR1 are issued. Companies that are not subject to the second administrative review (AR2) will keep the cash deposit rates established in the original investigation going forward if they did not participate in the first administrative review.

Global Affairs Canada will continually be updating the Frequently Asked Questions  Softwood Lumber page. Please bookmark and visit for updates into the upcoming Administrative Process and recent announcements on this Canada  U.S. trade issue.

Preceding Developments

The U.S. Department of Commerce issued instructions to U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect CVD and AD duties on all lumber shipments from Canada starting December 28, 2017, the date the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) published their final injury determination in the Federal Register.

Published Final CVD and AD Rates:

Company CVD AD
Canfor 13.24% 7.28%
Irving 3.34% 6.04%
Resolute 14.70% 3.20%
Tolko 14.85% 7.22%
West Fraser 17.99% 5.57%
All others 14.19% 6.04%

A summary of Product Scope is found on pages 1 to 3 of the U.S. Department of Commerce Fact Sheet.

Industry stakeholder inquiries can be directed to [email protected].

Interprovincial Trade Agreements

Imports and Exports

Regulations for importing coniferous logs or forest products with bark attached and for exporting Crown timber volumes and wood chips are managed through policy directives.
These requirements are in place in order to:

  • protect Alberta's forests and economy from destructive forest pests that can be unknowingly introduced with shipments of imported coniferous logs and forest products with bark attached;
  • ensure wood fibre exports are tailored to economic circumstances;
  • enable cross-border trade and stimulate investment and economic development of Alberta's forest industry.

Export of Unmanufactured Crown Timber and Wood Fibre Directive

Export Authorization Application Form

Importation of Logs and Forest Products with Bark Directive

Import Authorization Application Form


For further information on import or export authorizations, contact:

Government of Canada Import and Export Information

The federal government, through the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, is responsible for development of forest policies that prevent the introduction and spread of regulated pests into Canada and export programs for Canadian forest products.