Canaryseed (Phalaris canariensis), or annual canary grass, is a major component of feed mixtures for caged and wild birds. It is native to southern Europe and the Middle East. In North America, commercial production of canaryseed started in the U.S. after World War II and was concentrated in Minnesota and North Dakota. Production of canaryseed began in western Canada in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s and although production has been cyclical due to fluctuating prices, a record 505,000 acres (204,000 hectares) were grown in western Canada in the 1994-95 crop year. This total is up from the 14,000 acres (5,600 hectares) grown in 1975-76. There were approximately 10,000 acres (4,050 hectares) of canaryseed grown in Alberta in 1995, down from the 22,000 acres (8,900 hectares) grown in 1994.
Common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is thought to have originated in central and western China from a wild Asian species Fagropyrum cymosum. It has been cultivated in China for over 1,000 years, and was brought to Europe during the Middle Ages. Buckwheat, as well as other grain species, accompanied the colonists to the New World. The Scots coined the word "ìbuckwheat" from two Anglo Saxon terms, boc (beech) and whoet (wheat). The word beech was used since the fruit of the plant was similar to that of beechnut. It was called wheat because the grain of buckwheat was used in the same way as wheat. This term is somewhat ironic since buckwheat does not belong to the grass family and is not considered a "true" cereal.
Growing Hemp in Alberta
This publication is intended to assist those considering a hemp enterprise, new entrants to the hemp industry and those looking to expand their current hemp enterprises. Topics include hemp crop production, storage, handling and risk management.
Product Costs and Returns of Industrial Hemp Seed
This report provides a summary of the 2017-2018 cost of production for industrial hemp seed grown in Alberta. It supplements and updates information gathered through a previous cost of production study completed for Alberta in 2015.
Mustard Production for Alberta
Mustard fact sheet provides information about: mustard types and uses, production and variety selection, cropping systems and rotation, water use and yield, benefits and establishment, and seeding and fertilizing.