Canaryseed (Phalaris canariensis), or annual canary grass, is a major component of feed mixtures for caged and wild birds. It is native to southern Europe and the Middle East. In North America, commercial production of canaryseed started in the U.S. after World War II and was concentrated in Minnesota and North Dakota. Production of canaryseed began in western Canada in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s and although production has been cyclical due to fluctuating prices, a record 505,000 acres (204,000 hectares) were grown in western Canada in the 1994-95 crop year. This total is up from the 14,000 acres (5,600 hectares) grown in 1975-76. There were approximately 10,000 acres (4,050 hectares) of canaryseed grown in Alberta in 1995, down from the 22,000 acres (8,900 hectares) grown in 1994.
Common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is thought to have originated in central and western China from a wild Asian species Fagropyrum cymosum. It has been cultivated in China for over 1,000 years, and was brought to Europe during the Middle Ages. Buckwheat, as well as other grain species, accompanied the colonists to the New World. The Scots coined the word "ìbuckwheat" from two Anglo Saxon terms, boc (beech) and whoet (wheat). The word beech was used since the fruit of the plant was similar to that of beechnut. It was called wheat because the grain of buckwheat was used in the same way as wheat. This term is somewhat ironic since buckwheat does not belong to the grass family and is not considered a "true" cereal.
In recent years the national acreage of industrial hemp has grown considerably in Canada. New, emerging opportunities related to fibre utilization for a diversity of industrial applications are expected to continue to create demand for more hemp feedstock in Alberta. Efforts to build whole hemp crop value chains, for both food and fibre, are underway in Alberta. This publication is intended to assist those considering a hemp enterprise, new entrants to the hemp industry, and those looking to expand their current hemp enterprises.
This report provides an update on industrial hemp production area licensed by Health Canada and processing industry development prospects in Alberta and Canada. Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world (Figure 1). It can be grown as a fibre, seed or dual purpose crop. The species was banned in North America in the late 1930s because its leaves and flowers contained a psychoactive drug known as delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It was banned internationally in 1961 under the United Nations’ Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
Mustard fact sheet provides information about: mustard types and uses, production and variety selection, cropping systems and rotation, water use and yield, benefits and establishment and, seeding and fertilizing.