Field shelterbelts reduce soil erosion by wind, conserve soil moisture and reduce wind damage to crops. They complement good crop residue management and other conservation practices to protect the soil. Field shelterbelts should not be considered as an alternative to good residue management, but as a complement. Field shelterbelts are a part of conservation management systems that will help safeguard the productive quality of our soils.
Windbreaks reduce wind speed by forcing the air currents up and over the windbreak, leaving areas of relative calm on the protected side. This fact sheet discusses how to plan, plant and maintain shelterbelts to protect farmstead, fields and roads in Alberta from prevailing winds.