Pasture Pipeline Design
As pasture systems become more intensively managed, producers are considering piping water directly to paddocks. These pipelines are typically small diameter polyethylene (PE) pipes that are buried about 12 inches below the soil surface. They are only used in the summer and must be drained and blown out with an air compressor in the fall. Pasture pipelines can be easily placed underground with a farm tractor and three-point hitch type of plough. The following section provides the information needed to design a basic system.

Using the Animal Unit Month (AUM) Effectively
The concept of the animal unit month (AUM) is useful to help range and pasture managers calculate suitable stocking rates for pastures under a wide variety of conditions. This fact sheet defines the animal unit month and describes how to determine this number.

Bearsmart: Electric Fences and Bears
This document provides quick facts on usage of electric fences to protect properties and alleviate public safety concerns.

Improving Pasture Productivity
Forage yield and variability are closely tied to weather and climate. Although you can’t control the weather, you can manage your pastures to deal with the challenges of your local conditions. By working with the weather, you can improve pasture productivity and reduce drought risk, while also contributing to a healthy environment by reducing soil erosion, improving water quality and maintaining wildlife habitat.

Alberta Range Plants and Their Classification
Plants are the primary producers on rangeland. Range plants cluster in communities. Effective range management requires that plant communities, vegetation types, pastures, and finally ranches, be operated as range ecosystems. A range ecosystem is a complex of living and non-living (biotic and abiotic) factors of an environment where everything is connected to everything else. It functions as a unit and anything that affects one part of the unit, such as by grazing, affects the whole complex.

Grazing Tame Pastures Effectively
To be effective, the nutrients supplied by the pasture must be in balance with the nutrients required by grazing cattle. Given a choice, cattle tend to select plants higher in protein and lower in fibre than that of the total available forage. However, plants not selected or unpalatable plants do not necessarily have poor nutritive value. To maximize overall utilization and potential weight gain per acre, cross fencing can be used to obtain more uniform grazing.

Alberta Forage Manual
A catalogue of all current Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development resources, fact sheets and books.