An intersection is where two or more roadways meet, creating a possible conflict between vehicles on those roads and with pedestrians crossing the roadways. These are high-risk locations for collisions. Intersections may be controlled by traffic signs, traffic signal lights, or both. Intersections not controlled by signs or signals are controlled by rules and regulations. To drive safely through an intersection with or without controls you must know the rules and regulations that determine who has the right-of-way.
Always be careful. Other drivers may not be paying attention to the signs and signals, or may be unaware of the rules at intersections without signs or signals.
Note: For information about traffic signs and traffic signals, refer to Traffic Control Signals.
Directions given by a peace officer or police officer must be followed over traffic signs or signals.
Intersections controlled by signs
A stop sign indicates that your vehicle must come to a complete stop. After stopping, check the intersection carefully for pedestrians and other traffic. When safe, you may proceed.
Rules for stopping at intersections
There are rules about where you must stop your vehicle when you come to a stop sign.
Marked stop line
Where a stop line has been marked, bring your vehicle to a complete stop before the stop line. Before moving forward, give pedestrians and traffic the right-of-way.
Stop before the stop line at a marked crosswalk.
No stop line
Where there is no stop line, stop before the marked crosswalk.
No stop line or marked crosswalk
If there is no stop line or marked crosswalk at the intersection, you must stop within 3 metres (10 feet) of the intersecting roadway. Stop where you will not interfere with pedestrians who are crossing or are about to cross the roadway.
3 and 4-way stops
Intersections where stop signs are located at all corners are often referred to as "courtesy corners". Vehicles approaching from each direction are required to stop. All drivers must use courtesy and caution. Courtesy is to allow the vehicle that arrived first to proceed first. If 2 vehicles arrive at the same time, courtesy allows the vehicle on the right to proceed first. You must not proceed unless you can do so safely.
A yield sign means that you must allow other vehicles that do not face a yield sign the right-of-way to proceed. When approaching a yield sign, reduce speed as you near the intersection and be prepared to stop.
You may be required to stop and yield the right-of-way to traffic or pedestrians. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic before you proceed.
If there are no pedestrians or traffic that you are required to yield to, you may proceed through the intersection without coming to a complete stop.
Your approach must be at a speed that allows you to stop easily to prevent a collision with another vehicle or person.