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French-language content for this topic on Alberta.ca is currently being developed. Information will remain available on the Alberta Education website until this is complete.

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La page correspondante en français est en cours de préparation sur le site Web Alberta.ca. Pendant cette période de transition, l'information qu'elle contient demeure disponible sur le site Web du ministère de l'Éducation.

School Act

The School Act sets out the goals, roles and responsibilities of Alberta's Early Childhood Services to Grade 12 (ECS to 12) education system.

Bills and amendments

The School Amendment Act, formerly Bill 28 amends the School Act to better reflect what is in the best interest of current and future students. The bill includes proposed changes to:

  • Enables the Minister to set certification requirements for principals and superintendents (effective in the 2019/20 school year)
  • Authorizes the Minister to establish standards for education service agreements
  • Establishes a common age of entry to Kindergarten of five years of age by December 31 (effective in the 2020/21 school year)
  • Revises the process for establishing a separate school district
  • Ensures the government can provide clarity regarding transportation eligibility criteria prior to the 2018/19 school year

An Act to Support Gay-Straight Alliances, formerly Bill 24 clarifies school authority roles and responsibilities around student organizations, including gay-straight and queer-straight alliances (GSAs and QSAs).

School Act Regulations

The following regulations take their authority from specific sections of the School Act and describe additional legal requirements that must be met by the Government of Alberta, school boards, charter schools, private schools, early childhood operators, teachers and parents. The relevant sections of the School Act are identified after each regulation.

School Act and Regulations

  • Alberta School Foundation Fund s.176(8)
  • Board of Reference Fees s.140(3)
  • Capital Borrowing s.183(4)
  • Certification of Teachers s.94
  • Charter Schools s.37
  • Closure of Schools s.58
  • Disposition of Property s.201
  • Early Childhood Services s.30(4)
  • Establishment of Separate School Districts ss.
  • Home Education s.29(3)
  • Practice Review of Teachers s.94
  • Private Schools s.28(6)
  • School Board Investment s. 79(c)
  • School Buildings and Tendering s.206
  • School Councils s.22(10)
  • School Fees and Costs s.39(1)
  • Separate School Regions Establishment Order s.221
  • Special School Tax Levy Plebiscite s.190(5)
  • Student Evaluation s.39(3)(c)
  • Student Record s.23(9)
  • School Transportation
  • Superintendent of Schools s.115
  • Withdrawal of Ward Plebiscite s.235

Superintendent of Schools Regulation

Superintendent Compensation Framework - FAQs (PDF, 580 KB)
Answers to common questions concerning the Superintendent Compensation Framework introduced as part of the Superintendent of Schools Regulation.

Schedule 1 - Salary Levels (PDF, 52 KB)
A breakdown of the salary levels described in Schedule 1 of the Superintendent of Schools Regulation.

Education Act

The government is committed to ensuring that all children in Alberta have access to a high-quality education. Ensuring education legislation meets the needs of Alberta's students and families is an important part of that equation.

Since the fall of 2015, the Education Act has been the subject of an extensive government review. No decisions regarding the proclamation of the Education Act have been made at this time. The School Act, which has served Alberta's students well for almost three decades, remains in effect.

The input provided by stakeholders in previous consultations has been invaluable, and will continue to be utilized.

Relevant provincial legislation

While the School Act is the main statute that provides direction for Alberta's ECS to 12 education system, other legislation also impacts the system. The requirements set out in these acts and regulations must also be followed.

Acts and regulations specific to ECS to 12 education

The following acts and regulations provide supplemental direction on key aspects of Alberta's ECS to 12 education system:

Other provincial acts and regulations

Other provincial acts and regulations, while not specific to ECS to 12 education, must also be followed:

Relevant federal legislation

While the School Act is the main statute that provides direction for Alberta's ECS to 12 education system, other legislation also impacts the system. The requirements set out in these acts and regulations must also be followed.

Provincial Mandate on Education

The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1867 (previously known as the British North America Act) establishes exclusive provincial/territorial mandates with respect to education matters.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1982 (also known as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) ensures the rights of all peoples in Canada to freedom, democracy, mobility, security and well-being.

Consolidated Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1867 to 1982 (PDF, 537 KB)

Human Rights Act

The Government of Canada Human Rights Act declares that individuals cannot be discriminated against on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, or disability.

Government of Canada Human Rights Act (PDF, 551 KB)

First Nations Education

The Government of Canada Indian Act defines the rights and responsibilities of First Nations people and communities, and the role of the federal government in First Nations matters. This includes federal responsibility for the education of First Nations children and youth living on reserve. The Indian Act also enables First Nations to enter into agreements with provincial school boards so that their students may attend schools that are located off reserve.

Government of Canada Indian Act (PDF, 675 KB)

Copyright Act

The Government of Canada Copyright Act establishes the rights of ownership, reproduction and use of original works (e.g., textbooks and other educational resources, literature, music, academic writing) and the penalties for unauthorized use of such works.

All Alberta school authorities are expected to comply with international and federal copyright legislation and related agreements.

Government of Canada Copyright Act (PDF, 1.4 MB)